David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (2008)
Contemporary epistemology of religion may conveniently be treated as adebate over whether evidentialism applies to thebelief-component of religious faith, or whether we should insteadadopt a more permissive epistemology. Here evidentialism is theinitially plausible position that a belief is justified only if``it is proportioned to the evidence''. For example, supposea local weather forecaster has noticed that over the two hundred yearssince records began a wetter than average Winter is followed in 85% ofcases by a hotter than average Summer. Then, assuming for simplicitythat the records are reliable, the forecaster is justified in believingwith less than full confidence that this Winter, which is wetter thanaverage, will be followed by a hotter than average Summer. Butevidentialism implies that it would not be justified to have fullbelief, that is belief with 100% confidence. Again, consider someonewho has a hunch that this Summer will be hotter than averagebut cannot justify that hunch further. Hunches are not consideredevidence, so the belief is not considered justified. If, however, thehuncher can cite a good track record of hunches about the weather thathave turned out correct then the belief would be consideredjustified. For although hunches are not considered evidence, memoriesabout past hunches are, as are the observations that corroborated thepast hunches
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Philip L. Quinn (2006). Essays in the Philosophy of Religion. Oxford University Press.
Richard Jonathan Sagar, The Cognitive Science of Religion/Atheism and its Impact on Plantinga's Reformed Epistemology.
Keith E. Yandell (1981). Some Prolegomena to the Epistemology of Religion. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 12 (4):193 - 215.
William Brenner (1971). George Mavrodes on the Epistemology of Religion. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 2 (3):172 - 182.
Joseph Runzo, Craig K. Ihara & Alvin Plantinga (eds.) (1986). Religious Experience and Religious Belief: Essays in the Epistemology of Religion. University Press of America.
Arie L. Molendijk & Peter Pels (eds.) (1998). Religion in the Making: The Emergence of the Sciences of Religion. Brill.
Justin L. Barrett (2010). Reformed Epistemology and the Cognitive Science of Religion. Faith and Philosophy 27 (2):174-189.
Corey Miller (2009). A Critique of Marx's Epistemology of Religion From Reformed Epistemology. International Philosophical Quarterly 49 (3):351-359.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads72 ( #57,414 of 1,793,278 )
Recent downloads (6 months)6 ( #137,980 of 1,793,278 )
How can I increase my downloads?