Bestowal without appraisal: Problems in Frankfurt's characterization of love and personal identity [Book Review]
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 12 (2):153 - 168 (2009)
Harry Frankfurt characterizes love as “a disinterested concern for the existence of what is loved, and for what is good for it.” As such, he views romantic love as an inauthentic paradigm for love since such love desires reciprocation, sexual gratification and so on. I argue that Frankfurt’s conception of love is (a) too general—he does not distinguish between the type of love one has for one’s partner, one’s country, a moral ideal, etc., (b) it overemphasizes the role of bestowal at the expense of the part played by appraisal and (c) it is insufficiently social. Certain forms of love, romantic love and friendship for instance, are defined largely in terms of reciprocation. For Frankfurt, reciprocation is somewhat of an accidental feature of love. This deficiency in Frankfurt’s conception of love can be traced to a problem in his conception of selfhood which I argue is insufficiently social in nature.
|Keywords||Frankfurt Bestowal Appraisal Romantic love Social identity Identification Historicity Agape Eros Reciprocity Care Self-love|
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References found in this work BETA
Harry G. Frankfurt (1988). The Importance of What We Care About: Philosophical Essays. Cambridge University Press.
Harry G. Frankfurt (1998). Necessity, Volition, and Love. Cambridge University Press.
Harry G. Frankfurt (2007). The Reasons of Love. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 74 (2):463-475.
Niko Kolodny (2003). Love as Valuing a Relationship. Philosophical Review 112 (2):135-189.
Adam Smith (1790). The Theory of Moral Sentiments. Dover Publications.
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