David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Medical Ethics 21 (4):214-219 (1995)
Each Local Research Ethics Committee (LREC) is expected to produce an annual report for its establishing authority. Reports from 145 LRECs were examined with regard to (a) whether the committees were working within the terms of the most recent guidelines from the Department of Health and (b) observations on the role of LRECs with particular reference to accountability. Most LRECs had produced a report, although their length varied greatly. Most reports showed how seriously the committee took its task. Most committees met many of the guidelines; for example, almost all had two or more lay-members. The guideline most frequently not met was that committees should have no more than 12 members. Many committees review very large numbers of projects (maximum 351). Approximately two-thirds provide details in the annual report of individual project titles, their author and the committee decision; all reports should contain this information. Although it may in fact happen more generally, only 23 per cent of the reports referred to any form of monitoring of the eventual outcome of the research. A significant issue to arise from the reports is the extent to which the framework for the operation of LRECs has been confused by the development of the purchaser-provider split. The paper concludes with suggestions for remedying the situation
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Marek Czarkowski & Krzysztof Różanowski (2009). Polish Research Ethics Committees in the European Union System of Assessing Medical Experiments. Science and Engineering Ethics 15 (2):201-212.
Similar books and articles
David Hunter, Tis but a Scratch: The Human Tissue Act and the Use of Tissue for Research, Issues for Research Ethics Committees.
François-André Isambert (1989). Ethics Committees in France. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 14 (4):445-456.
Akira Akabayashi, Brian T. Slingsby, Noriko Nagao, Ichiro Kai & Hajime Sato (2007). An Eight-Year Follow-Up National Study of Medical School and General Hospital Ethics Committees in Japan. BMC Medical Ethics 8 (1):1-8.
Paulina Tindana & Okyere Boateng (2008). The Ghana Experience. Journal of Academic Ethics 6 (4):277-281.
J. Berry (1997). Local Research Ethics Committees Can Audit Ethical Standards in Research. Journal of Medical Ethics 23 (6):379-381.
E. Pickworth (2000). Should Local Research Ethics Committees Monitor Research They Have Approved? Journal of Medical Ethics 26 (5):330-333.
Jon Glasby & Peter Beresford (2007). In Whose Interests? Local Research Ethics Committees and Service User Research. Ethics and Social Welfare 1 (3):282-292.
David Shaw (2011). The Ethics Committee as Ghost Author. Journal of Medical Ethics 37 (12):706-706.
G. Kent (1999). Responses by Four Local Research Ethics Committees to Submitted Proposals. Journal of Medical Ethics 25 (3):274-277.
A. H. Ahmed & K. G. Nicholson (1996). Delays and Diversity in the Practice of Local Research Ethics Committees. Journal of Medical Ethics 22 (5):263-266.
Reidar Pedersen, Victoria Akre & Reidun Førde (2009). Barriers and Challenges in Clinical Ethics Consultations: The Experiences of Nine Clinical Ethics Committees. Bioethics 23 (8):460-469.
Jean-Claude Chevrolet & Bara Ricou (2009). Hospital Clinical Ethics Committees. The Geneva Experience - Switzerland. Diametros 22:21-38.
G. Kent (1997). The Views of Members of Local Research Ethics Committees, Researchers and Members of the Public Towards the Roles and Functions of LRECs. Journal of Medical Ethics 23 (3):186-190.
Edith Valdez-martinez, Bernardo Turnbull, Juan Garduño-espinosa & John D. H. Porter (2006). Descriptive Ethics: A Qualitative Study of Local Research Ethics Committees in Mexico. Developing World Bioethics 6 (2):95–105.
C. J. Moerman, J. A. Haafkens, M. Soderstrom, E. Rasky, P. Maguire, U. Maschewsky-Schneider, M. Norstedt, D. Hahn, H. Reinerth & N. McKevitt (2007). Gender Equality in the Work of Local Research Ethics Committees in Europe: A Study of Practice in Five Countries. Journal of Medical Ethics 33 (2):107-112.
Sorry, there are not enough data points to plot this chart.
Added to index2010-09-13
Total downloads1 ( #459,819 of 1,102,135 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #306,622 of 1,102,135 )
How can I increase my downloads?