David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
American Journal of Bioethics 7 (2):13 – 25 (2007)
Context: Although ethics consultation is commonplace in United States (U.S.) hospitals, descriptive data about this health service are lacking. Objective: To describe the prevalence, practitioners, and processes of ethics consultation in U.S. hospitals. Design: A 56-item phone or questionnaire survey of the "best informant" within each hospital. Participants: Random sample of 600 U.S. general hospitals, stratified by bed size. Results: The response rate was 87.4%. Ethics consultation services (ECSs) were found in 81% of all general hospitals in the U.S., and in 100% of hospitals with more than 400 beds. The median number of consults performed by ECSs in the year prior to survey was 3. Most individuals performing ethics consultation were physicians (34%), nurses (31%), social workers (11%), or chaplains (10%). Only 41% had formal supervised training in ethics consultation. Consultation practices varied widely both within and between ECSs. For example, 65% of ECSs always made recommendations, whereas 6% never did. These findings highlight a need to clarify standards for ethics consultation practices.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
H. Tristram Engelhardt (2011). Core Competencies for Health Care Ethics Consultants: In Search of Professional Status in a Post-Modern World. HEC Forum 23 (3):129-145.
Erica K. Rangel (2009). Clinical Ethics and the Dynamics of Group Decision-Making: Applying the Psychological Data to Decisions Made by Ethics Committees. [REVIEW] HEC Forum 21 (2):207-228.
Kenneth Kipnis (2009). The Certified Clinical Ethics Consultant. HEC Forum 21 (3):249-261.
Anita J. Tarzian (2009). Credentials for Clinical Ethics Consultation – Are We There Yet? HEC Forum 21 (3):241-248.
Elliott Louis Bedford (2011). The Core Competencies: A Roman Catholic Critique. [REVIEW] HEC Forum 23 (3):147-169.
Similar books and articles
Mark P. Aulisio, Robert M. Arnold & Stuart J. Youngner (eds.) (2003). Ethics Consultation: From Theory to Practice. Johns Hopkins University Press.
Sally Clayton & Bruce Bongar (1994). The Use of Consultation in Psychological Practice: Ethical, Legal, and Clinical Considerations. Ethics and Behavior 4 (1):43 – 57.
Joel E. Frader (1992). Political and Interpersonal Aspects of Ethics Consultation. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 13 (1).
Mildred K. Cho, Sara L. Tobin, Henry T. Greely, Jennifer McCormick, Angie Boyce & David Magnus (2008). Strangers at the Benchside: Research Ethics Consultation. American Journal of Bioethics 8 (3):4 – 13.
D. Micah Hester (ed.) (2008). Ethics by Committee: A Textbook on Consultation, Organization, and Education for Hospital Ethics Committees. Rowman & Littlefield Pub..
Alfred Simon (2009). Quality Standards for Clinical Ethics Consultation. Diametros 22:105 – 115.
Michael D. Coughlin & John Watts (1993). A Descriptive Study of Healthcare Ethics Consultants in Canada: Results of a National Survey. [REVIEW] HEC Forum 5 (3):144-164.
William Nelson, Marie-Claire Rosenberg, Todd Mackenzie & William Weeks (2010). The Presence of Ethics Programs in Critical Access Hospitals. HEC Forum 22 (4):267-274.
Robert Klitzman (2007). Additional Implications of a National Survey on Ethics Consultation in United States Hospitals. American Journal of Bioethics 7 (2):47 – 48.
Ellen Fox, Sarah Myers & Robert Pearlman (2007). Response to Open Peer Commentaries on "Ethics Consultation in U.S. Hospitals: A National Survey". American Journal of Bioethics 7 (2):1-3.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads10 ( #144,874 of 1,098,967 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #287,052 of 1,098,967 )
How can I increase my downloads?