David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Minds and Machines 3 (4):453-474 (1993)
Collective entities and collective relations play an important role in natural language. In order to capture the full meaning of sentences like The Beatles sing Yesterday, a knowledge representation language should be able to express and reason about plural entities — like the Beatles — and their relationships — like sing — with any possible reading (cumulative, distributive or collective).In this paper a way of including collections and collective relations within a concept language, chosen as the formalism for representing the semantics of sentences, is presented. A twofold extension of theA–C concept language is investigated: (1) special relations introduce collective entities either out of their components or out of other collective entities, (2) plural quantifiers on collective relations specify their possible reading. The formal syntax and semantics of the concept language is given, together with a sound and complete algorithm to compute satisfiability and subsumption of concepts, and to compute recognition of individuals.
|Keywords||Plurals concept languages generalized quantifiers part-whole relation|
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References found in this work BETA
Peter M. Simons (1987/2000). Parts: A Study in Ontology. Oxford University Press.
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Godehard Link (1983). The Logical Analysis of Plurals and Mass Terms: A Lattice-Theoretic Approach. In P. Portner & B. H. Partee (eds.), Formal Semantics - the Essential Readings. Blackwell 127--147.
Citations of this work BETA
Massimo Libardi (1994). Applications and Limits of Mereology. From the Theory of Parts to the Theory of Wholes. Axiomathes 5 (1):13-54.
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