Graduate studies at Western
History and Philosophy of Logic 34 (1):1-24 (2013)
|Abstract||The article proposes an account of the prevailing classical Chinese conception of reasoning and argumentation that grounds it in a semantic theory and epistemology centered on drawing distinctions (biàn ) between the similar and dissimilar kinds of things that do or do not fall within the extension of ?names? (míng ). The article presents two novel interpretive hypotheses. First, for pre-Hàn Chinese thinkers, the functional role associated with the logical copula is filled by a general notion of similarity or sameness (tóng ). Second, these thinkers? basic explanation of reasoning is that it is a process of moving from a comparison of whether something is similar to a ?model? or ?standard? ( f? ) to a judgment about whether that thing is part of a certain kind (lèi ). Classical texts treat judgment as the attitude of predicating a ?name? of something, or, equivalently, of distinguishing whether something is the kind of thing denoted by a certain term. Reasoning is treated as a process of considering how some acts of term predication, or drawing distinctions, normatively commit one to making further, analogous predications or drawing further, analogous distinctions. Inference is thus understood as the act of distinguishing something as a certain kind of thing as a result of having distinguished it as similar to a relevant ?model? or ?standard?. The article concludes by summarizing the consequences of the proposed account of early Chinese semantic and logical theories for the interpretation of other areas of classical Chinese thought|
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
Christopher J. Fraser, Similarity and Standards : Language, Cognition, and Action in Chinese and Western Thought.
Chris Fraser (2011). Knowledge and Error in Early Chinese Thought. Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 10 (2):127-148.
Jinmei Yuan (2006). The Role of Time in the Structure of Chinese Logic. Philosophy East and West 56 (1):136-152.
Brook Ziporyn (2008). Form, Principle, Pattern, or Coherence? Li in Chinese Philosophy. Philosophy Compass 3 (3):401–422.
Jonathan Haidt (2001). The Emotional Dog and Its Rational Tail. Psychological Review 108 (4):Psychological Review.
Chris Fraser (2007). Language and Ontology in Early Chinese Thought. Philosophy East and West 57 (4):420-456.
M. Fleming Damon, W. Chow Chee & Wenbing Su (forthcoming). An Exploratory Study of Chinese Accounting Students' and Auditors' Audit-Specific Ethical Reasoning. Journal of Business Ethics.
Richmond Campbell & Victor Kumar (2012). Moral Reasoning on the Ground. Ethics 122 (2):273-312.
Chad Hansen (1992). A Daoist Theory of Chinese Thought: A Philosophical Interpretation. Oxford University Press.
Li-Hsiang Lisa Rosenlee (2004). Neiwai, Civility, and Gender Distinctions. Asian Philosophy 14 (1):41 – 58.
Ningzhong Shi (2010). Proposition, Definition and Inference in Ancient Chinese Philosophy. Frontiers of Philosophy in China 5 (3):414-431.
Robert Cummings Neville (2010). New Projects in Chinese Philosophy. The Pluralist 5 (2):45-56.
Sorry, there are not enough data points to plot this chart.
Added to index2012-11-09
Total downloads5 ( #170,343 of 739,053 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #37,337 of 739,053 )
How can I increase my downloads?