David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Speakers often answer a question with what appears to be merely a phrase, a fragment of a sentence, rather than with a full sentence. Merchant (2004) offers an analysis of fragment answers in which the new information/answer is fronted to a clause-peripheral position and the remainder of the sentence is not pronounced. Two written acceptability judgment experiments are reported that tested predictions of this analysis. The first, in English, tested the prediction that clausal fragment answers should only be fully acceptable when the clausal answer is introduced by an overt complementizer (What did May deny? That Josh left.). This is because clauses may front only when an overt complementizer is present (That Josh left, May denied, but not *Josh left, May denied). The second study was conducted in German, a language that does not permit prepositions to be stranded, left behind, when a noun phrase is moved in overt syntactic structures such as questions or topicalizations. Consequently, when the object of a preposition is questioned, only a prepositional phrase fragment answer, not a noun phrase fragment answer, is predicted to be fully acceptable. Both predictions were confirmed. The results support the claim that syntactic structure is present in unpronounced constituents, and tells against theories of syntax that eschew such structures.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
No categories specified
(categorize this paper)
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library||
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Jason Merchant (2005). Fragments and Ellipsis. Linguistics and Philosophy 27 (6):661 - 738.
Patrick Suppes (1979). Logical Inference in English: A Preliminary Analysis. Studia Logica 38 (4):375 - 391.
Martin Heidegger (1975/1984). Early Greek Thinking. Harper & Row.
Savas Konur (2011). An Event-Based Fragment of First-Order Logic Over Intervals. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 20 (1):49-68.
Sylvain Degeilh & Anne Preller (2005). Efficiency of Pregroups and the French Noun Phrase. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 14 (4):423-444.
C. J. Van Alten & J. G. Raftery (1999). The Finite Model Property for the Implicational Fragment of IPC Without Exchange and Contraction. Studia Logica 63 (2):213 - 222.
C. Vermeulen (2001). A Calculus of Substitutions for DPL. Studia Logica 68 (3):357-387.
C. J. van Alten & J. G. Raftery (1999). The Finite Model Property for the Implicational Fragment of IPC Without Exchange and Contraction. Studia Logica 63 (2):213-222.
David Harrah (1961). A Logic of Questions and Answers. Philosophy of Science 28 (1):40-46.
Jan Patočka (2007). Das Innere und die Welt. Studia Phaenomenologica 7:15-70.
Uskali Mäki (2005). Models Are Experiments, Experiments Are Models. Journal of Economic Methodology 12 (2):303-315.
Added to index2010-12-22
Total downloads6 ( #192,088 of 1,096,479 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #238,630 of 1,096,479 )
How can I increase my downloads?