David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Environmental Ethics 25 (2):115-128 (2003)
Many problems in environmental ethics are what have been called “global systemic problems,” problems in which what happens in one part of the world affects preservationist efforts elsewhere. Restoration of the Everglades is one such example. If global warming continues, the Everglades may well be flooded within the next quarter to half century and all restoration efforts will be for naught. Yet, the United States government is both pursuing restorationist efforts and withdrawing from the Kyoto Protocol on emissions of greenhouse gases. One aspect of global systemic problems concerns whether there are interconnections between the preservationist obligations of the locals and the duties of others. There are three main lines of arguments for concluding that there are, indeed, interconnected obligations in such cases. First, the consequentialist case for imposing duties on locals assumes that others do not have inconsistent consequentialist obligations. In addition, a related consequentialist case can be made that when problems are systemic, others have positive supportive duties. Second, a weak principle of reciprocity supports the interconnectedness of obligations. Insistence that someone has an obligation that benefits you implies the duty not to act to undermine the efforts of that person to fulfill that obligation. Third, a weak principle of fairness—that it is only fair to expect one person to bear the burdens of producinga collective good if others have obligations to do their cooperative part—supports interconnected obligations with regard to global systemic problems. Because all three arguments point to the same conclusion, there is a very strong case for interconnected obligations as part of the solution to global systemic problems—problems that are all too prevalent in our world today
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Stephen M. Gardiner (2004). Ethics and Global Climate Change. Ethics 114 (3):555-600.
Richard P. Hiskes (2006). Environmental Human Rights and Intergenerational Justice. Human Rights Review 7 (3):81-95.
Similar books and articles
David Miller (2005). Reasonable Partiality Towards Compatriots. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 8 (1-2):63-81.
Pablo Gilabert (2006). Basic Positive Duties of Justice and Narveson's Libertarian Challenge. Southern Journal of Philosophy 44 (2):193-216.
Jonathan Wolff (2009). Global Justice and Norms of Co-Operation: The 'Layers of Justice' View. In Stephen De Wijze, Matthew H. Kramer & Ian Carter (eds.), Hillel Steiner and the Anatomy of Justice: Themes and Challenges. Routledge 16--34.
Corinna Mieth (2008). World Poverty as a Problem of Justice? A Critical Comparison of Three Approaches. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 11 (1):15 - 36.
Nicole Hassoun (2012). Globalization and Global Justice: Shrinking Distance, Expanding Obligations. Cambridge University Press.
Ellen Urell (2006). Simulating Benevolence: Obstructing Systemic Problem Solving. World Futures 62 (7):524 – 532.
Joshua Kassner (2009). Completing the Incomplete: A Defense of Positive Obligations to Distant Others. Journal of Global Ethics 5 (3):181 – 193.
Veit Bader (2005). Reasonable Impartiality and Priority for Compatriots. A Criticism of Liberal Nationalism's Main Flaws. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 8 (1-2):83 - 103.
Florian Wettstein (2008). Let's Talk Rights: Messages for the Just Corporation–Transforming the Economy Through the Language of Rights. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 78 (1-2):247 - 263.
Bill Wringe (2010). Global Obligations and the Agency Objection. Ratio 23 (2):217-231.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads7 ( #404,639 of 1,790,408 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #433,815 of 1,790,408 )
How can I increase my downloads?