Natural language and virtual belief

In Peter Carruthers & Jill Boucher (eds.), Language and Thought: Interdisciplinary Themes. Cambridge University Press 248 (1998)
This chapter outlines a new argument for the view that language has a cognitive role. I suggest that humans exhibit two distinct kinds of belief state, one passively formed, the other actively formed. I argue that actively formed beliefs (_virtual beliefs_, as I call them) can be identified with _premising policies_, and that forming them typically involves certain linguistic operations. I conclude that natural language has at least a limited cognitive role in the formation and manipulation of virtual beliefs
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Keith Frankish (1998). A Matter of Opinion. Philosophical Psychology 11 (4):423-442.
Keith Frankish (2011). Reasoning, Argumentation, and Cognition. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 34 (2):79-80.

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