Constrained connectionism and the limits of human semantics: A review essay of Terry regier's the human semantic potential [Book Review]
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Philosophical Psychology 12 (4):515 – 523 (1999)
Taking to heart Massaro's [(1988) Some criticisms of connectionist models of human performance, Journal of Memory and Language, 27, 213-234] criticism that multi-layer perceptrons are not appropriate for modeling human cognition because they are too powerful (i.e. they can simulate just about anything, which gives them little explanatory power), Regier develops the notion of constrained connectionism. The model that he discusses is a distributed network but with numerous constraints added that are (more or less) motivated by real psychophysical and neurophysical constraints. His model learns static prepositions of spatial location such as in, above, to the left of, to the right of, under, etc., as well as dynamic prepositions such as through and the Russian iz-pod, meaning out from under. The network learns these prepositions by viewing a number of examples of them. Very importantly, this book tackles-and goes a long way towards resolving-the problem of the lack of negative exemplars (i.e. we are only very rarely told when something is not above something else), which should lead to overgeneralization, but does not. This book is a significant contribution to connectionist literature.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Jerry A. Fodor & Zenon W. Pylyshyn (1988). Connectionism and Cognitive Architecture. Cognition 28 (1-2):3-71.
George Lakoff (1980/2003). Metaphors We Live By. University of Chicago Press.
George Lakoff (1987). Women, Fire and Dangerous Thing: What Catergories Reveal About the Mind. University of Chicago Press.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Claire F. O'Loughlin & Annette Karmiloff-Smith (2003). Evaluating Connectionism: A Developmental Perspective. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (5):614-615.
W. F. G. Haselager & J. F. H. Van Rappard (1998). Connectionism, Systematicity, and the Frame Problem. Minds and Machines 8 (2):161-179.
William Ramsey, Stephen P. Stich & D. M. Rumelhart (eds.) (1991). Philosophy and Connectionist Theory. Lawrence Erlbaum.
David DeMoss (2003). Connectionist Agency. Philosophy in the Contemporary World 10 (2):9-15.
Peter McLeod, David C. Plaut & Tim Shallice (2001). Connectionist Modelling of Word Recognition. Synthese 129 (2):173 - 183.
Kenneth Aizawa (1994). Representations Without Rules, Connectionism, and the Syntactic Argument. Synthese 101 (3):465-92.
William Ramsey & Stephen P. Stich (1990). Connectionism and Three Levels of Nativism. Synthese 82 (2):177-205.
Eric Lormand (1991). Classical and Connectionist Models. Dissertation, Mit
Keith Stenning (2001). Terry Regier, the Human Semantic Potential: Spatial Language and Constrained Connectionism. [REVIEW] Journal of Logic, Language and Information 10 (2):266-269.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads3 ( #420,898 of 1,696,304 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #333,740 of 1,696,304 )
How can I increase my downloads?