David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
In Susan Pockett, William P. Banks & Shaun Gallagher (eds.), Journal of Consciousness Studies. MIT Press. 11-12 (2006)
According to behavioural theories deriving from pragmatism, gestalt psychology, existentialism, and ecopsychology, knowledge about the world is gained by intentional action followed by learning. In terms of the neurodynamics described here, if the intending of an act comes to awareness through reafference, it is perceived as a cause. If the consequences of an act come to awareness through proprioception and exteroception, they are perceived as an effect. A sequence of such states of awareness comprises consciousness, which can grow in complexity to include self-awareness. Intentional acts do not require awareness, whereas voluntary acts require self-awareness. Awareness of the action/perception cycle provides the cognitive metaphor of linear causality as an agency. Humans apply this metaphor to objects and events in the world to predict and control them, and to assign social responsibility. Thus, linear causality is the bedrock of technology and social contracts. Complex material systems with distributed non-linear feedback, such as brains and their neural and behavioural activities, cannot be explained by linear causality. They can be said to operate by circular causality without agency. The nature of self-control is described by breaking the circle into a forward limb, the intentional self, and a feedback limb, awareness of the self and its actions. The two limbs are realized through hierarchically stratified kinds of neural activity. Intentional acts are produced by the self-organized microscopic neural activity of cortical and subcortical components in the brain. Awareness supervenes as a macroscopic ordering state, that defers action until the self-organizing microscopic process has reached closure in reflective prediction. Agency, which is removed from the causal hierarchy by the appeal to circularity, re-appears as a metaphor by which events in the world are anthropomorphized, making them appear subject to human control
|Keywords||*Awareness *Cognition *Consciousness States *Intention *Perception Behavior|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Ion C. Baianu (2007). Categorical Ontology of Levels and Emergent Complexity: An Introduction. [REVIEW] Axiomathes 17 (3-4):209-222.
Similar books and articles
J. Feinstein, M. Stein, G. Castillo & M. Paulus (2004). From Sensory Processes to Conscious Perception. Consciousness and Cognition 13 (2):323-335.
William P. Banks (2006). Does Consciousness Cause Misbehavior? In Susan Pockett, William P. Banks & Shaun Gallagher (eds.), Does Consciousness Cause Behavior? MIT Press. 235-256.
Frederick B. Mills (2006). Intrinsic Awareness in Sartre. Journal of Mind and Behavior 27 (1):1-16.
Marcel Kinsbourne (2005). A Continuum of Self-Consciousness That Emerges in Phylogeny and Ontogeny. In Herbert S. Terrace & Janet Metcalfe (eds.), The Missing Link in Cognition: Origins of Self-Reflective Consciousness. Oxford University Press. 142-156.
Bernard J. Baars (2005). Subjective Experience is Probably Not Limited to Humans: The Evidence From Neurobiology and Behavior. Consciousness and Cognition 14 (1):7-21.
Vijay Mascarenhas (2002). Intentionality, Causality, and Self-Consciousness: Implications for the Naturalization of Consciousness. Metaphysica 3 (2):83-96.
L. Deouell (2002). Pre-Requisites for Conscious Awareness: Clues From Electrophysiological and Behavioral Studies of Unilateral Neglect Patients. Consciousness and Cognition 11 (4):546-567.
Marc D. Lewis & Rebecca M. Todd (2005). Getting Emotional - a Neural Perspective on Emotion, Intention, and Consciousness. Journal of Consciousness Studies 12 (8-10):210-235.
Kenneth Williford (2005). The Intentionality of Consciousness and Consciousness of Intentionality. In G Forrai (ed.), Intentionality: Past and Future. Amsterdam/New York: Rodopi.
Frederick Toates (2006). A Model of the Hierarchy of Behaviour, Cognition, and Consciousness. Consciousness and Cognition 15 (1):75-118.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads67 ( #27,925 of 1,692,577 )
Recent downloads (6 months)5 ( #46,070 of 1,692,577 )
How can I increase my downloads?