David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
A leading figure in sixteenth-century Iberian scholasticism, Molina was one of the most controversial thinkers in the history of Catholic thought. In keeping with the strongly libertarian account of human free choice that marked the early Jesuit theologians, Molina held that God's causal influence on free human acts does not by its intrinsic nature uniquely determine what those acts will be or whether they will be good or evil. Because of this, Molina asserted against his Dominican rivals that God's comprehensive providential plan for the created world and infallible foreknowledge of future contingents do not derive just from the combination of his antecedent "natural" knowledge of metaphysically necessary truths and his "free" knowledge of the causal influence - both natural (general concurrence) and supernatural (grace) - by which he wills to cooperate with free human acts. Rather, in addition to God's natural knowledge, Molina posited a distinct kind of antecedent divine knowledge, dubbed "middle" knowledge, by which God knows pre-volitionally, i.e., prior to any free decree of his own will regarding contingent beings, how any possible rational creature would in fact freely choose to act in any possible circumstances in which it had the power to act freely. And on this basis Molina proceeded to forge his controversial reconciliation of free choice with the Catholic doctrines of grace, divine foreknowledge, providence, and predestination. In addition to his work in dogmatic theology, Molina was also an accomplished moral and political philosopher who wrote extensive and empirically well-informed tracts on political authority, slavery, war, and economics.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library||
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
James Rissler, Open Theism. Religious Studies.
Alfred J. Freddoso (ed.) (1988). On Divine Foreknowledge. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
Jill Graper Hernandez (2005). Divine Omniscience and Human Evil: Interpreting Leibniz Without Middle Knowledge. Philosophy and Theology 17 (1/2):107-120.
Scott MacDonald (1989). Book Review: Luis de Molina: On Divine Foreknowledge (Part IV of the Concordia). Alfred J. Freddoso. [REVIEW] Review of Metaphysics 42 (1):177-79.
Luis de Molina (1988). Part IV of the ``Concordia&Quot. In Alfred J. Freddoso (ed.), On Divine Foreknowledge. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
Thomas P. Flint (2001). The Possibilities of Incarnation: Some Radical Molinist Suggestions. Religious Studies 37 (3):307-320.
W. Matthews Grant (2010). Can a Libertarian Hold That Our Free Acts Are Caused by God? Faith and Philosophy 27 (1):22-44.
Kevin Timpe (2007). Truth-Making and Divine Eternity. Religious Studies 43 (3):299 - 315.
Christopher J. Kosciuk, Human Freedom in a World Full of Providence: An Ockhamist-Molinist Account of the Compatibility of Divine Foreknowledge and Creaturely Free Will.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads41 ( #49,802 of 1,679,366 )
Recent downloads (6 months)4 ( #60,351 of 1,679,366 )
How can I increase my downloads?