Some issues in the foundation of statistics

Foundations of Science 1 (1):19-39 (1995)
After sketching the conflict between objectivists and subjectivists on the foundations of statistics, this paper discusses an issue facing statisticians of both schools, namely, model validation. Statistical models originate in the study of games of chance, and have been successfully applied in the physical and life sciences. However, there are basic problems in applying the models to social phenomena; some of the difficulties will be pointed out. Hooke's law will be contrasted with regression models for salary discrimination, the latter being a fairly typical application in the social sciences.
Keywords Statistics  Probability  Objectivist  Subjectivist  Bayes  de Finetti  Decision theory  Model validation  Regression
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DOI 10.1007/BF00208723
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Eyal Shahar Md Mph (2003). Generalizability: Beyond Plausibility and Handwaving. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 9 (2):151-159.

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