The medieval astrologization of Aristotle's biology: Averroes on the role of the celestial bodies in the generation of animate beings
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 12 (1):111-137 (2002)
How do the variegated forms of sublunar substances (the elements, homoeomerous substances, plants, animals) arise in prime matter? Averroes throughout his life believed that “a principle from without” was involved, but changed his mind over its identity. While in an early period of his life he maintained that all forms emanate from the active intellect, he later discarded that metaphysical notion and sought to develop a more naturalistic, astrologically inspired account, which identified the heavenly bodies as the source of sublunar forms. Comparing different versions of Averroean texts, this paper seeks to spell out how, in Averroes' view, the heavenly bodies generate forms in matter. Averroes claims that this is brought about by means of their “heats,” an answer that is however problematic seeing that in the Aristotelian cosmology the celestial realm is quality-less. The paper examines Averroes' ideas on the relationship between light and heat, concluding that the Commentator was unable to integrate the postulate that the heavenly bodies inform matter within his Aristotelian theory of matter.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Averroës (2002). Averroës' Middle Commentary on Aristotle's De Anima: A Critical Edition of the Arabic Text. Brigham Young University Press.
James Wilberding (2006). Plotinus' Cosmology: A Study of Ennead Ii.1 (40): Text, Translation, and Commentary. Oxford University Press.
Stephen Gaukroger (2000). The Role of Matter Theory in Baconian and Cartesian Cosmologies. Perspectives on Science 8 (3):201-222.
Paloma Pérez-Ilzarbe (2009). Definition and Demonstration: Aristotle, Averroes, Grosseteste. In A. C. Storck (ed.), In Aristotelis Analytica Posteriora - Estudos acerca da recepção medieval dos Segundos Analíticos. Linus Editores.
Herbert A. Davidson (1992). Alfarabi, Avicenna, and Averroes on Intellect: Their Cosmologies, Theories of the Active Intellect, and Theories of Human Intellect. Oxford University Press.
Stephen Menn (1990). Descartes and Some Predecessors on the Divine Conservation of Motion. Synthese 83 (2):215 - 238.
Taneli Kukkonen (2002). Averroes and the Teleological Argument. Religious Studies 38 (4):405-428.
Avital Wohlman (2010). Al-Ghazali, Averroës and the Interpretation of the Qur'an: Common Sense and Philosophy in Islam. Routledge.
Lisa Farooque (2008). About Celestial Circulation: Averroes' Tahafūt Al-Tahafūt and Aristotle's De Caelo. Journal of Islamic Philosophy 4:21-38.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads21 ( #88,131 of 1,139,891 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #165,020 of 1,139,891 )
How can I increase my downloads?