David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Trends in Cognitive Sciences 4 (3):115-121 (2000)
The Turing Test, originally proposed as a simple operational definition of intelligence, has now been with us for exactly half a century. It is safe to say that no other single article in computer science, and few other articles in science in general, have generated so much discussion. The present article chronicles the comments and controversy surrounding Turing's classic article from its publication to the present. The changing perception of the Turing Test over the last fifty years has paralleled the changing attitudes in the scientific community towards artificial intelligence: from the unbridled optimism of 1960's to the current realization of the immense difficulties that still lie ahead. I conclude with the prediction that the Turing Test will remain important, not only as a landmark in the history of the development of intelligent machines, but also with real relevance to future generations of people living in a world in which the cognitive capacities of machines will be vastly greater than they are now.
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Citations of this work BETA
Jamie Cullen (2009). Imitation Versus Communication: Testing for Human-Like Intelligence. Minds and Machines 19 (2):237-254.
Paul Schweizer (2012). The Externalist Foundations of a Truly Total Turing Test. Minds and Machines 22 (3):191-212.
Kevin Warwick, Huma Shah & James Moor (2013). Some Implications of a Sample of Practical Turing Tests. Minds and Machines 23 (2):163-177.
Colin Hales (2010). The Well-Tested Young Scientist. International Journal of Machine Consciousness 2 (01):35-39.
John F. Stins (2009). Establishing Consciousness in Non-Communicative Patients: A Modern-Day Version of the Turing Test. Consciousness and Cognition 18 (1):187-192.
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