David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Ethics 16 (1):39-66 (2012)
This paper examines the efforts of contractualists to develop an alternative to aggregation to govern our duty not to harm (duty to rescue) others. I conclude that many of the moral principles articulated in the literature seem to reduce to aggregation by a different name. Those that do not are viable only as long as they are limited to a handful of oddball cases at the margins of social life. If extended to run-of-the-mill conduct that accounts for virtually all unintended (in the sense of undesired) harm to others—noncriminal activities that impose some risk of harm on others—they would rule out all action. Moreover, because such conduct poses an irreducible conflict between freedom of action and freedom from expected harm, it can be regulated only by principles that accept the necessity of making precisely the sorts of interpersonal trade-offs that contractualism is foundationally committed to reject: trade-offs in which the numbers count, such that a risk of serious harm to one person can be justified by small benefits to the many
|Keywords||Aggregation Contractualism Harm to others Scanlon|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Elizabeth Ashford (2003). The Demandingness of Scanlon's Contractualism. Ethics 113 (2):273-302.
Jeffrey Brand‐Ballard (2004). Contractualism and Deontic Restrictions. Ethics 114 (2):269-300.
F. M. Kamm (2007/2008). Intricate Ethics: Rights, Responsibilities, and Permissible Harm. New York ;Oxford University Press.
Gregory S. Kavka (1979). The Numbers Should Count. Philosophical Studies 36 (3):285 - 294.
Citations of this work BETA
Aaron James (2012). Contractualism's (Not so) Slippery Slope. Legal Theory 18 (3):263-292.
Similar books and articles
Brad Hooker (2003). Contractualism, Spare Wheel, Aggregation. In Matt Matravers (ed.), Scanlon and Contractualism. Frank Cass. 53-76.
Iwao Hirose (2004). Aggregation and Numbers. Utilitas 16 (1):62-79.
Nicholas Southwood (2009). Moral Contractualism. Philosophy Compass 4 (6):926-937.
Christian List (2012). The Theory of Judgment Aggregation: An Introductory Review. Synthese 187 (1):179-207.
Alastair Norcross (2002). Contractualism and Aggregation. Social Theory and Practice 28 (2):303-314.
Franz Dietrich & Christian List (2007). Arrow's Theorem in Judgment Aggregation. Social Choice and Welfare 29 (1):19-33.
Sophia Reibetanz (1998). Contractualism and Aggregation. Ethics 108 (2):296-311.
Madeleine Hayenhjelm & Jonathan Wolff (2012). The Moral Problem of Risk Impositions: A Survey of the Literature. European Journal of Philosophy 20 (S1):E1-E142.
Fiery Cushman, Liane Young & Marc Hauser (2006). The Role of Conscious Reasoning and Intuition in Moral Judgment. Psychological Science 17 (12):1082-1089.
Lisa Campo-Engelstein (2014). Paternal-Fetal Harm and Men's Moral Duty to Use Contraception: Applying the Principles of Nonmaleficence and Beneficence to Men's Reproductive Responsibility. Medicine Studies 4 (1-4):1-13.
Nicholas Southwood (2010). Contractualism and the Foundations of Morality. Oxford University Press.
Samuel C. Rickless (2011). The Moral Status of Enabling Harm. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 92 (1):66-86.
Gerhard Overland (2012). Dividing Harm. Journal of Moral Philosophy 8 (4):547-566.
Added to index2011-10-20
Total downloads38 ( #45,980 of 1,102,846 )
Recent downloads (6 months)8 ( #29,592 of 1,102,846 )
How can I increase my downloads?