David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Medicine Studies 2 (3):185-195 (2010)
This paper aims to trace individual as well as collective aspects of ‘sight styles’ in diagnostic computed tomography. Radiologists need to efficiently translate the visualized data from the living human body into a reliable and significant diagnosis. During this process, their visual thinking and the created images are incorporated into a complex network of other visualizations, communication strategies, professional traditions, and (tacit) visual knowledge. To investigate the interplay of collective as well as individual dimensions of diagnostic seeing, the concept of ‘sight collective’ (Sehkollektiv) is developed. On the one hand, this concept is based on critical reading of Ludwik Fleck’s epistemological writings and his notions of thought collective (Denkkollektiv) and thought style (Denkstil). On the other hand, it is tested by means of qualitative empirical studies in a radiological university clinic (participatory observations and informal interviews). By employing this approach, the paper traces the collective foundations of a certain diagnostic sight. Moreover, it shows how the individual abilities of radiologists to perform stylized seeing rely remarkably on software-based interactions with the processed images and on tacit dimensions of visual knowledge
|Keywords||Medical visualization Diagnostic radiology Tacit visual knowledge Ludwik Fleck|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Michael Polanyi (1958). Personal Knowledge. Chicago, University of Chicago Press.
Michael Polanyi (1967). The Tacit Dimension. London, Routledge & K. Paul.
Ludwik Fleck (1979). Genesis and Development of a Scientific Fact. University of Chicago Press.
Stephen G. Henry (2006). Recognizing Tacit Knowledge in Medical Epistemology. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 27 (3):187--213.
Rudolf Arnheim (1970). Visual Thinking. London,Faber.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Alexander A. Aarts, Cilia L. M. Witteman, Pierre M. Souren & Jos I. M. Egger (2012). Associations Between Psychologists' Thinking Styles and Accuracy on a Diagnostic Classification Task. Synthese 189 (S1):119-130.
Reidun Førde (1998). Competing Conceptions of Diagnostic Reasoning – is There a Way Out? Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 19 (1):59-72.
James G. Mazoué (1990). Diagnosis Without Doctors. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 15 (6):559-579.
Alan J. Kearns, Dónal P. O'mathúna & P. Anne Scott (2010). Diagnostic Self-Testing: Autonomous Choices and Relational Responsibilities. Bioethics 24 (4):199-207.
Nicola Mößner (2011). Thought Styles and Paradigms—a Comparative Study of Ludwik Fleck and Thomas S. Kuhn. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 42 (2):362–371.
Auli Toom (2012). Considering the Artistry and Epistemology of Tacit Knowledge and Knowing. Educational Theory 62 (6):621-640.
Arthur Merin, Unthinkable Syndromes. Paradoxa of Relevance and Constraints on Diagnostic Categories.
Mary Douglas (1996). Thought Styles: Critical Essays on Good Taste. Sage Publications.
Charles M. Heilig & Charles Weijer, A Critical History of Individual and Collective Ethics in the Lineage of Lellouch and Schwartz.
Jan Doroszewski (1980). Hypothetico-Nomological Aspects of Medical Diagnosis Part I: General Structure of the Diagnostic Process and its Hypothesis-Directed Stage. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 1 (2):177-194.
Joseph J. Fins & F. Plum (2004). Neurological Diagnosis is More Than a State of Mind: Diagnostic Clarity and Impaired Consciousness. Archives of Neurology 61 (9):1354-1355.
Lorraine Daston (2007). Objectivity. Distributed by the MIT Press.
Mark Sherer, Tessa Hart, John Whyte, Toad G. Nick & Stuart A. Yablon (2005). Neuroanatomic Basis of Impaired Self-Awareness After Traumatic Brain Injury: Findings From Early Computed Tomography. Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation. Special Issue 20 (4):287-300.
Dominic Lopes (2005). Sight and Sensibility. Oxford University Press.
Laurence B. McCullough & Charles E. Christianson (1987). Ethical Dimensions of Diagnosis: A Case Study and Analysis. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 2 (2):129-143.
Added to index2010-11-18
Total downloads16 ( #225,602 of 1,796,328 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #347,915 of 1,796,328 )
How can I increase my downloads?