David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Moral Philosophy 8 (4):530-546 (2012)
The reductivist view of war holds that the moral rules of killing in war can be reduced to the moral rules that govern killing between individuals. Noam Zohar objects to reductivism on the grounds that the account of individual self-defence that best supports the rules of war will inadvertently sanction terrorist killings of non-combatants. I argue that even an extended account of self-defence—that is, an account that permits killing at least some innocent people to save one's own life—can support a prohibition on terrorism, provided that it distinguishes between direct and indirect threats. What such an account cannot support is the blanket immunity of non-combatants to defensive killing. If a non-combatant is morally responsible for indirectly threatening in an unjust war, she can be liable to defensive killing. However, this gives us reason to revise our account of permissible killing in war, rather than to reject the reductivist account
|Keywords||terrorism war non-combatant immunity self-defence|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
John W. Lango (2010). Nonlethal Weapons, Noncombatant Immunity, and Combatant Nonimmunity: A Study of Just War Theory. [REVIEW] Philosophia 38 (3):475-497.
Yitzhak Benbaji (2007). The Responsibility of Soldiers and the Ethics of Killing in War. Philosophical Quarterly 57 (229):558–572.
Lene Bomann-Larsen (2004). Licence to Kill? The Question of Just Vs. Unjust Combatants. Journal of Military Ethics 3 (2):142-160.
Jeff McMahan (2006). The Ethics of Killing in War. Philosophia 34 (1):693-733.
Roger Wertheimer (2007). Reconnoitering Combatant Moral Equality. Journal of Military Ethics 6 (1):60-74.
Jovana Davidovic (2012). International Rule-of-Law and Killing in War. Social Theory and Practice 38 (3):531-553.
Helen Frowe (forthcoming). Killing John to Save Mary: A Defence of the Distinction Between Killing and Letting Die. In J. Campbell, M. O’Rourke & H. Silverstein (eds.), Action, Ethics and Responsibility. MIT Press.
Simon Glynn (2007). Some Reflections Upon the Supposed Moral Distinction Between Terrorism and the Legitimate Use of Military Force. The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 1:207-211.
Daniel Statman (2011). Can Wars Be Fought Justly? The Necessity Condition Put to the Test. Journal of Moral Philosophy 8 (3):435-451.
Troy Jollimore (2007). Terrorism, War, and the Killing of the Innocent. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 10 (4):353 - 372.
Helen Frowe (2010). A Practical Account of Self-Defence. Law and Philosophy 29 (3):245-272.
Chris Mayer (2007). Nonlethal Weapons and Noncombatant Immunity: Is It Permissible to Target Noncombatants? Journal of Military Ethics 6 (3):221-231.
Toby Handfield & Patrick Emerton (2009). Order and Affray: Defensive Privileges in Warfare. Philosophy and Public Affairs 37 (4):382 - 414.
Added to index2011-11-17
Total downloads46 ( #36,141 of 1,101,745 )
Recent downloads (6 months)9 ( #23,391 of 1,101,745 )
How can I increase my downloads?