David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Sociological Theory 19 (1):24-40 (2001)
The reason why agency/structure and micro/macro debates remain unresolved is the bad essentialist habit of treating such pairs as opposite natural kinds. Once variation is allowed, agency and structure, or micro and macro, are temporary poles bracketing a continuum, with social entities moving along this continuum over time. Explaining these transformations from agency into structure, or micro into macro, and vice versa is the challenge for explanatory theory. This challenge is met by switching to a constructivist level of second-order observing. Then, agency and structure become variable devices or frames different observers might use to perform different sorts of cultural work
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Marc Garcelon (2010). The Missing Key: Institutions, Networks, and the Project of Neoclassical Sociology. Sociological Theory 28 (3):326 - 353.
Colin Campbell (2009). Distinguishing the Power of Agency From Agentic Power: A Note on Weber and the "Black Box" of Personal Agency. Sociological Theory 27 (4):407 - 418.
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