David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Synthese 86 (1):1 - 27 (1991)
Many criticisms of prototype theory and/or fuzzy-set theory are based on the assumption that category representativeness (or typicality) is identical with fuzzy membership. These criticisms also assume that conceptual combination and logical rules (all in the Aristotelian sense) are the appropriate criteria for the adequacy of the above “fuzzy typicality”. The present paper discusses these assumptions following the line of their most explicit and most influential expression by Osheron and Smith (1981). Several arguments are made against the above identification, the most important being that representativeness in prototype theory is exclusively based on element-to-element similarity while fuzzy membership is inherently an element-to-category relationship. Also the above criteria for adequacy are criticized from the viewpoint of both prototype theory and fuzzy-set theory as well as from that of both conceptual and logical combination, and also from that of integration.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Brent Berlin & Paul Kay (1999). Basic Color Terms: Their Universality and Evolution. Center for the Study of Language and Inf.
L. Jonathan Cohen (1981). Can Human Irrationality Be Experimentally Demonstrated? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 4 (3):317-370.
Daniel N. Osherson & Edward E. Smith (1981). On the Adequacy of Prototype Theory as a Theory of Concepts. Cognition 9 (1):35-58.
M. I. Posner & S. W. Keele (1968). On the Genesis of Abstract Ideas. Journal of Experimental Psychology 77 (2p1):353-363.
J. A. Goguen (1969). The Logic of Inexact Concepts. Synthese 19 (3-4):325-373.
Citations of this work BETA
Lieven Decock & Igor Douven (2014). What Is Graded Membership? Noûs 48 (4):653-682.
Gy Fuhrmann (1988). “Prototypes” and “Fuzziness” in the Logic of Concepts. Synthese 75 (3):317 - 347.
Similar books and articles
Jacky Legrand (1999). Some Guidelines for Fuzzy Sets Application in Legal Reasoning. Artificial Intelligence and Law 7 (2-3):235-257.
Siegfried Gottwald (2006). Universes of Fuzzy Sets and Axiomatizations of Fuzzy Set Theory. Part II: Category Theoretic Approaches. Studia Logica 84 (1):23 - 50.
Lofti Zadeh (1982). A Note on Prototype Theory and Fuzzy Sets. Cognition 12 (1):291--7.
Kazem Sadegh-Zadeh (2000). Fuzzy Health, Illness, and Disease. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 25 (5):605 – 638.
Athanassios Tzouvaras (2003). An Axiomatization of 'Very' Within Systiems of Set Theory. Studia Logica 73 (3):413 - 430.
Giangiacomo Gerla (2005). Fuzzy Logic Programming and Fuzzy Control. Studia Logica 79 (2):231 - 254.
V. Di Gesù, F. Masulli & Alfredo Petrosino (eds.) (2006). Fuzzy Logic and Applications: 5th International Workshop, Wilf 2003, Naples, Italy, October 9-11, 2003: Revised Selected Papers. [REVIEW] Springer.
Vilém Novák (1987). First-Order Fuzzy Logic. Studia Logica 46 (1):87 - 109.
Norman Foo & Boon Toh Low (2008). A Note on Prototypes, Convexity and Fuzzy Sets. Studia Logica 90 (1):125 - 137.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads26 ( #115,510 of 1,725,158 )
Recent downloads (6 months)5 ( #134,554 of 1,725,158 )
How can I increase my downloads?