Neuro-ethics or neuro-values? Delusion and religious experience as a case study in values-based medicine
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Poiesis and Praxis 2 (4):297-313 (2004)
Values-Based Medicine (VBM) is the theory and practice of clinical decision-making for situations in which legitimately different values are in play. VBM is thus to values what Evidence-Based Medicine (EBM) is to facts. The theoretical basis of VBM is a branch of analytic philosophy called philosophical value theory. As a set of practical tools, VBM has been developed to meet the challenges of value diversity as they arise particularly in psychiatry. These challenges are illustrated in this paper by a case study of the differential diagnosis between delusion and religious experience. In a traditional model of scientific medicine, such challenges would be expected to become less pressing with advances in medical science. Philosophical value theory suggests, to the contrary, that scientific progress, through opening up an ever-wider range of choices, will increasingly bring the full range and diversity of human values into play not just in psychiatry but in all areas of medicine. The future, then, for medicine, is an integrated model in which VBM and EBM are equal partners in a genuinely human discipline
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Miles Little, Wendy Lipworth, Jill Gordon, Pippa Markham & Ian Kerridge (2012). Values‐Based Medicine and Modest Foundationalism. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18 (5):1020-1026.
Similar books and articles
David C. Thomasma (1994). Clinical Ethics as Medical Hermeneutics. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 15 (2).
Edmund L. Erde (1983). On Peeling, Slicing and Dicing an Onion: The Complexity of Taxonomies of Values and Medicine. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 4 (1).
Mona Gupta (2007). Does Evidence-Based Medicine Apply to Psychiatry? Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 28 (2):103.
Antonio Argandoña (2003). Fostering Values in Organizations. Journal of Business Ethics 45 (1-2):15 - 28.
David C. Thomasma (1990). Establishing the Moral Basis of Medicine: Edmund D. Pellegrino's Philosophy of Medicine. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 15 (3):245-267.
Benedict Smith (2009). Knowledge and the Justification of Values in Values-Based Medicine. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 15 (2):97-105.
Malcolm Parker (2002). Whither Our Art? Clinical Wisdom and Evidence-Based Medicine. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 5 (3):273-280.
KWM Bill Fulford & Giovanni Stanghellini (2008). The Third Revolution: Philosophy Into Practice in Twenty-First Century Psychiatry. Dialogues in Philosophy, Mental and Neuro Sciences 1 (1):5-14.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads62 ( #30,310 of 1,679,368 )
Recent downloads (6 months)8 ( #29,437 of 1,679,368 )
How can I increase my downloads?