David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Global Ethics 8 (1):5-17 (2012)
Recently theorists have demonstrated a growing interest in the ethical aspects of resource allocation in international non-governmental humanitarian, development and human rights organizations (INGOs). This article provides an analysis of Thomas Pogge's proposal for how international human rights organizations ought to choose which projects to fund. Pogge's allocation principle states that ?an INGO should govern its decision making about candidate projects by such rules and procedures as are expected to maximize its long-run cost-effectiveness, defined as the expected aggregate moral value of the projects it undertakes divided by the expected aggregate cost of these projects? (2007. Moral priorities for international human rights NGOs. In Ethics in action, ed. D. Bell and J. Coicaud, 218?56. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 241). I critique Pogge's argument on two fronts: (1) I demonstrate that his view is problematic on his own terms, even if we accept the cost-effectiveness framework he employs. (2) I take issue with his overall approach because it generates results which can undermine the integrity of INGOs. Further, his approach mis-characterizes the nature of INGOs, and this mistake is at the root of his problematic view of INGO priority-setting. Ultimately, I argue for a conception of INGOs in which they are understood as ?organizations of principle?, in the sense that they are independent moral agents and so should be permitted a fairly wide sphere of autonomy within reasonable moral constraints
|Keywords||Thomas Pogge resource allocation non-governmental organizations poverty reduction priority-setting integrity|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Samia A. Hurst, Nathalie Mezger & Alex Mauron (2009). Allocating Resources in Humanitarian Medicine. Public Health Ethics 2 (1):89-99.
Dennis Mckerlie (2001). Dimensions of Equality. Utilitas 13 (03):263-.
Jennifer Rubenstein (2007). Distribution and Emergency. Journal of Political Philosophy 15 (3):296–320.
John Jamieson Carswell Smart & Bernard Williams (1973). Utilitarianism: For and Against. Cambridge University Press.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Scott Wisor (2012). How Should INGOs Allocate Resources? Ethics and Global Politics 5 (1).
Lisa L. Fuller (2005). Poverty Relief, Global Institutions, and the Problem of Compliance. Journal of Moral Philosophy 2 (3):285-297.
Lisa Fuller (forthcoming). International NGO Health Programs in a Non-Ideal World: Imperialism, Respect & Procedural Justice. In E. Emanuel J. Millum (ed.), Global Justice and Bioethics. Oxford University Press.
Thomas Pogge (ed.) (2007). Freedom From Poverty as a Human Right: Who Owes What to the Very Poor? Co-Published with UNESCO. OUP Oxford.
Claudia Wild (2005). Ethics of Resource Allocation: Instruments for Rational Decision Making in Support of a Sustainable Health Care. Poiesis and Praxis 3 (4):296-309.
Daniel Callahan (1999). Shaping Biomedical Research Priorities: The Case of the National Institutes of Health. [REVIEW] Health Care Analysis 7 (2):115-129.
Lisa Fuller (2006). Justified Commitments? Considering Resource Allocation and Fairness in Médecins Sans Frontières-Holland. Developing World Bioethics 6 (2):59–70.
Juha Räikkä (2006). Pogge on Global Poverty. Journal of Global Ethics 2 (1):111 – 118.
L. Kapiriri (2012). Priority Setting in Low Income Countries: The Roles and Legitimacy of Development Assistance Partners. Public Health Ethics 5 (1):67-80.
Bruno S. Frey (2003). Flexible Citizenship for a Global Society. Politics, Philosophy and Economics 2 (1):93-114.
Doug Martin & Peter Singer (2003). A Strategy to Improve Priority Setting in Health Care Institutions. Health Care Analysis 11 (1):59-68.
Andrea Frolic, Barb Jennings, Wendy Seidlitz, Sandy Andreychuk, Angela Djuric-Paulin, Barb Flaherty & Donna Peace (2013). From Reactive to Proactive: Developing a Valid Clinical Ethics Needs Assessment Survey to Support Ethics Program Strategic Planning (Part 1 of 2). [REVIEW] HEC Forum 25 (1):47-60.
Holly Lawford-Smith (2012). The Motivation Question: Arguments From Justice, and From Humanity. British Journal of Political Science 42:661-678.
Lucy Frith (1999). Priority Setting and Evidence Based Purchasing. Health Care Analysis 7 (2):139-151.
Tim Hayward (2005). Thomas Pogge’s Global Resources Dividend: A Critique and an Alternative. Journal of Moral Philosophy 2 (3):317-332.
Added to index2011-07-29
Total downloads77 ( #17,570 of 1,101,741 )
Recent downloads (6 months)12 ( #15,307 of 1,101,741 )
How can I increase my downloads?