Secondary Uses and the Governance of De-Identified Data: Lessons from the Human Genome Diversity Panel [Book Review]

BMC Medical Ethics 12 (1):16- (2011)
Abstract
Background: Recent changes to regulatory guidance in the US and Europe have complicated oversight of secondary research by rendering most uses of de-identified data exempt from human subjects oversight. To identify the implications of such guidelines for harms to participants and communities, this paper explores the secondary uses of one de-identified DNA sample collection with limited oversight: the Human Genome Diversity Project (HGDP)-Centre d'Etude du Polymorphisme Humain, Fondation Jean Dausset (CEPH) Human Genome Diversity Panel. Methods: Using a combination of keyword and cited reference search, we identified English-language scientific articles published between 2002 and 2009 that reported analysis of HGDP Diversity Panel samples and/or data. We then reviewed each article to identify the specific research use to which the samples and/or data was applied. Secondary uses were categorized according to the type and kind of research supported by the collection. Results: A wide variety of secondary uses were identified from 148 peer-reviewed articles. While the vast majority of these uses were consistent with the original intent of the collection, a minority of published reports described research whose primary findings could be regarded as controversial, objectionable, or potentially stigmatizing in their interpretation. Conclusions: We conclude that potential risks to participants and communities cannot be wholly eliminated by anonymization of individual data and suggest that explicit review of proposed secondary uses, by a Data Access Committee or similar internal oversight body with suitable stakeholder representation, should be a required component of the trustworthy governance of any repository of data or specimens
Keywords info:mesh/United States  info:mesh/Human Genome Project  info:mesh/Guidelines as Topic  info:mesh/Europe  info:mesh/Humans  info:mesh/Genetic Research  info:mesh/Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide  info:mesh/Confidentiality  Humans   Confidentiality   Genetic Research   Human Genome Project   Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide   Ethics, Research   United States   Europe   Guidelines as Topic  info:mesh/Ethics, Research
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