David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Synthese 174 (1):5 - 46 (2010)
The goal of this paper is a comprehensive analysis of basic reasoning patterns that are characteristic of vague predicates. The analysis leads to rigorous reconstructions of the phenomena within formal systems. Two basic features are dealt with. One is tolerance: the insensitivity of predicates to small changes in the objects of predication (a one-increment of a walking distance is a walking distance). The other is the existence of borderline cases. The paper shows why these should be treated as different, though related phenomena. Tolerance is formally reconstructed within a proposed framework of contextual logic, leading to a solution of the Sorites paradox. Borderline-vagueness is reconstructed using certain modality operators; the set-up provides an analysis of higher order vagueness and a derivation of scales of degrees for the property in question.
|Keywords||Vagueness Tolerance Contextual logic Semantic indeterminacy Sorites paradox Higher order vagueness Degrees|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Joseph Almog, John Perry, Howard K. Wettstein & David Kaplan (eds.) (1989). Themes From Kaplan. Oxford University Press, USA.
Gareth Evans (1978). Can There Be Vague Objects? Analysis 38 (4):208.
Kit Fine (1975). Vagueness, Truth and Logic. Synthese 30 (3-4):265-300.
H. Gaifman (2001). Contextual Logic and its Applications to Vagueness. Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 7 (3):241.
Haim Gaifman (2008). Contextual Logic with Modalities for Time and Space. Review of Symbolic Logic 1 (4):433-458.
Citations of this work BETA
Igor Douven, Lieven Decock, Richard Dietz & Paul Égré (2013). Vagueness: A Conceptual Spaces Approach. Journal of Philosophical Logic 42 (1):137-160.
Stewart Shapiro (2013). Vagueness, Open-Texture, and Retrievability. Inquiry 56 (2-3):307-326.
Similar books and articles
Elia Zardini (2013). Higher-Order Sorites Paradox. Journal of Philosophical Logic 42 (1):25-48.
Nicholas J. J. Smith (2005). Vagueness as Closeness. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 83 (2):157 – 183.
Susanne Bobzien (2010). Higher-Order Vagueness, Radical Unclarity, and Absolute Agnosticism. Philosophers' Imprint 10 (10):1-30.
Stewart Shapiro (2008). Reasoning with Slippery Predicates. Studia Logica 90 (3):313 - 336.
Elia Zardini (2008). A Model of Tolerance. Studia Logica 90 (3):337 - 368.
Matti Eklund (2005). What Vagueness Consists In. Philosophical Studies 125 (1):27-60.
Haim Gaifman (2011). Erratum To: Vagueness, Tolerance and Contextual Logic. Synthese 179 (3):501 - 502.
Diana Raffman (2009). Demoting Higher-Order Vagueness. In Sebastiano Moruzzi & Richard Dietz (eds.), Cuts and Clouds. Vaguenesss, its Nature and its Logic. Oxford University Press. 509--22.
Patrick Greenough (2003). Vagueness: A Minimal Theory. Mind 112 (446):235-281.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads73 ( #20,651 of 1,100,144 )
Recent downloads (6 months)10 ( #24,072 of 1,100,144 )
How can I increase my downloads?