David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Axiomathes 23 (1):165-185 (2013)
In most computational ontologies, information inheritance is based on the taxonomic relation is_a. A given type inherits from other type only if the latter subsumes the former. We assume, however, that inheritance can be related, not only to the taxonomic relation, but also to the meronymic relationship between parts and wholes. The main aim of this paper is to organise upper-level ontologies associated with lexical information by taking into account part-whole subsumption. As we consider that parts may subsume wholes under specific conditions, ontologies can be defined in terms of systems in which wholes inherit information from its parts. In this article, we describe how part-whole subsumption and, then, meronymic inheritance can be used to deal with type mismatch and metonymic interpretation of polysemous nouns. For this purpose, we attempt to merge old assumptions from both formal ontology and lexical semantics into a homogeneous framework
|Keywords||Formal ontology Mereology Lexical semantics Inheritance|
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References found in this work BETA
Roberto Casati, Barry Smith & Achille C. Varzi (1998). Ontological Tools for Geographic Representation. In Nicola Guarino (ed.), Formal Ontology in Information Systems (FOIS). Ios Press 77--85.
Ann Copestake & Ted Briscoe (1995). Semi-Productive Polysemy and Sense Extension. Journal of Semantics 12 (1):15-67.
Geoffrey Nunberg (1995). Transfers of Meaning. Journal of Semantics 12 (2):109-132.
James Pustejovsky (1995). The Generative Lexicon. The MIT Press.
Achille C. Varzi (1996). Parts, Wholes, and Part-Whole Relations: The Prospects of Mereotopology. Data and Knowledge Engineering 20:259–286.
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