David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Philosophers' Imprint 11 (10) (2011)
On the traditional view, Butler maintains that forgiveness involves a kind of “conversion experience” in which we must forswear or let go of our resentment against wrongdoers. Against this reading, I argue that Butler never demands that we forswear resentment but only that we be resentful in the right kind of way. That is, he insists that we should be virtuously resentful, avoiding both too much resentment exhibited by the vices of malice and revenge and too little resentment where we merely condone the wrongdoer and leave ourselves open to future injury. I argue that this Butlerian approach offers us a more attractive account of forgiveness as a “virtue” than many recent discussions. In the final section, I address Butler’s challenging thesis that forgiveness is an unconditional moral duty. I argue against those who claim that forgiveness is supererogatory (Kolnai/Calhoun) or else merely morally conditional and even morally blameworthy in some cases (Murphy/Hampton/Novitz/Richards). By contrast, I defend a context-sensitive account of forgiveness which recognizes that it takes place on many different levels. I conclude by taking up the difficult issue of whether anybody can be ultimately “unforgivable”, offering some Butlerian and Strawsonian reflections that might help mitigate our judgments about such matters.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Brandon Warmke (2015). The Economic Model of Forgiveness. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 95 (4).
Brandon Warmke (forthcoming). The Normative Significance of Forgiveness. Australasian Journal of Philosophy:1-17.
Paul M. Hughes (forthcoming). Two Cheers for Forgiveness. Philosophia:1-20.
Similar books and articles
Espen Gamlund (2010). Supererogatory Forgiveness. Inquiry 53 (6):540-564.
Margaret R. Holmgren (2012). Forgiveness and Retribution: Responding to Wrongdoing. Cambridge University Press.
Kevin Zaragoza (2012). Forgiveness and Standing. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 84 (3):604-621.
M. J. Kurzynski (1998). The Virtue of Forgiveness as a Human Resource Management Strategy. Journal of Business Ethics 17 (1):77-85.
Alice MacLachlan (2009). Practicing Imperfect Forgiveness. In Lisa Tessman (ed.), Feminist Ethics and Social and Political Philosophy: Theorizing the Non-Ideal. Springer 185--204.
Espen Gamlund (2011). Forgiveness Without Blame. In Christel Fricke (ed.), The Ethics of Forgiveness. Routledge
Shelby Weitzel (2007). On the Relationship Between Forgiveness and Resentment in the Sermons of Joseph Butler. History of Philosophy Quarterly 24 (3):237 - 253.
Alice MacLachlan (2008). The Nature and Limits of Forgiveness. Dissertation, Boston University
Alice MacLachlan (2010). Resentment and Moral Judgment in Smith and Butler. The Adam Smith Review 5:161-177.
Linda Radzik (2011). Hampton on Forgiveness. APA Newsletter on Philosophy and Law 10 (2):1-6.
Maria Miceli & Cristiano Castelfranchi (2011). Forgiveness: A Cognitive-Motivational Anatomy. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 41 (3):260-290.
Kate A. Moran (forthcoming). For Community's Sake: A (Self-Respecting) Kantian Account of Forgiveness. Proceedings of the XI International Kant-Kongress.
Zenon Szablowinski (2011). Self-Forgiveness and Forgiveness. Heythrop Journal 53 (4):678-689.
Molly Andrews (2000). Forgiveness in Context. Journal of Moral Education 29 (1):75-86.
Added to index2011-09-01
Total downloads55 ( #75,386 of 1,793,164 )
Recent downloads (6 months)8 ( #101,373 of 1,793,164 )
How can I increase my downloads?