David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Journal of Business Ethics 53 (1-2):51-71 (2004)
The Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) field presents not only a landscape of theories but also a proliferation of approaches, which are controversial, complex and unclear. This article tries to clarify the situation, mapping the territory by classifying the main CSR theories and related approaches in four groups: (1) instrumental theories, in which the corporation is seen as only an instrument for wealth creation, and its social activities are only a means to achieve economic results; (2) political theories, which concern themselves with the power of corporations in society and a responsible use of this power in the political arena; (3) integrative theories, in which the corporation is focused on the satisfaction of social demands; and (4) ethical theories, based on ethical responsibilities of corporations to society. In practice, each CSR theory presents four dimensions related to profits, political performance, social demands and ethical values. The findings suggest the necessity to develop a new theory on the business and society relationship, which should integrate these four dimensions.
|Keywords||corporate social responsibility corporate responsiveness corporate citizenship stakeholder manage ment corporate social performance issues management sustainable development the common good|
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Citations of this work BETA
Dima Jamali (2008). A Stakeholder Approach to Corporate Social Responsibility: A Fresh Perspective Into Theory and Practice. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 82 (1):213 - 231.
Xingqiang Du, Wei Jian, Quan Zeng & Yingjie Du (2013). Corporate Environmental Responsibility in Polluting Industries: Does Religion Matter? Journal of Business Ethics 124 (3):1-23.
Friederike Schultz, Itziar Castelló & Mette Morsing (2013). The Construction of Corporate Social Responsibility in Network Societies: A Communication View. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 115 (4):681-692.
François Maon, Adam Lindgreen & Valérie Swaen (2009). Designing and Implementing Corporate Social Responsibility: An Integrative Framework Grounded in Theory and Practice. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 87 (1):71 - 89.
Angeloantonio Russo & Francesco Perrini (2010). Investigating Stakeholder Theory and Social Capital: Csr in Large Firms and Smes. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 91 (2):207 - 221.
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