David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Synthese 67 (1):91 - 114 (1986)
In recent years philosophers of science have turned away from positivist programs for explicating scientific rationality through detailed accounts of scientific procedure and turned toward large-scale accounts of scientific change. One important motivation for this was better fit with the history of science. Paying particular attention to the large-scale theories of Lakatos and Laudan I argue that the history of science is no better accommodated by the new large-scale theories than it was by the earlier positivist philosophies of science; both are, in their different ways, parochial to our conception of rationality. I further argue that the goal of scientific methodology is not explaining the past but promoting good scientific practice, and on this the large-scale methodologies have no obvious a priori advantages over the positivist methodologies they have tried to replace.
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References found in this work BETA
James Robert Brown (1980). History and the Norms of Science. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1980:236 - 248.
Daniel Garber (1985). Book Review:A Theory of Method Husain Sarkar. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 52 (2):315-.
Clark Glymour (1980). Theory and Evidence. Princeton University Press.
Thomas S. Kuhn (1996/2012). The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. University of Chicago Press.
Imre Lakatos (1978). The Methodology of Scientific Research Programmes. Cambridge University Press.
Citations of this work BETA
Larry Laudan (1986). Some Problems Facing Intuitionist Meta-Methodologies. Synthese 67 (1):115 - 129.
Andrew T. Domondon (2009). Kuhn, Popper, and the Superconducting Supercollider. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 40 (3):301-314.
W. H. Williams (1986). Comment on John Yolton's 'is There a History of Philosophy? Some Difficulties and Suggestions'. Synthese 67 (1):23 - 32.
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