David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 11 (2):167-178 (1986)
Rationality in medicine is frequently construed as hypotheticodeductive. This article argues that such a model gives a distorted view of the rational character of an enterprise that makes judgments about individual human well-being. Medicine as a science is a practical human science. Seen as such, its rational orientation is one that applies general knowledge to particular situations. It is argued that such an orientation is not deductive but interpretative. The Aristotelian concept of practical wisdom (‘phron sis’) is used as a model of the rational orientation of clinical judgment. Keywords: clinical judgment, rationality, human sciences CiteULike Connotea Del.icio.us What's this?
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H. D. Braude (2013). Human All Too Human Reasoning: Comparing Clinical and Phenomenological Intuition. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 38 (2):173-189.
James A. Marcum (2012). An Integrated Model of Clinical Reasoning: Dual‐Process Theory of Cognition and Metacognition. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18 (5):954-961.
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