The individual variability problem

Philosophia 38 (3):533-554 (2010)
Abstract
Studies show that there are widespread intrasubjective and intersubjective color variations among normal perceivers. These variations have serious ramifications in the debate about the nature and ontology of color. It is typical to think of the debate about color as a dispute between objectivists and subjectivists. Objectivists hold that colors are perceiver-independent physical properties of objects while subjectivists hold that they are either projections onto external objects or dispositions objects have to look colored. I argue that individual color variations present difficulties, albeit not the same kind, for both objectivism and subjectivism. Lastly, I propose an alternative account that handles such variations nicely.
Keywords Subjectivism  Objectivism  Color  Individual variations  Intersubjective variations  Dispositionalism  Projectivism  Relationalism  Pluralism  Color fictionalism  High-level statistical constructs  Individual variability problem
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