David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Noûs 46 (1):61-85 (2012)
This paper presents a precise semantics for incomplete predicates such as “ready”. Incomplete predicates have distinctive logical properties that a semantic theory needs to accommodate. For instance, “Tipper is ready” logically implies “Tipper is ready for something”, but “Tipper is ready for something” does not imply “Tipper is ready”. It is shown that several approaches to the semantics of incomplete predicates fail to accommodate these logical properties. The account offered here defines contexts as structures containing an element called a proposition set, which contains atomic propositions and negations of atomic propositions. The condition under which “Tipper is ready” is true in a context is defined in terms of the contents of the proposition set for the context. On this account, the content of the context pertinent to a conversation must be determined not by what speakers have in mind but by relations of objective relevance
|Keywords||incomplete predicates context-relativity|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Configure|
References found in this work BETA
Joseph Almog, John Perry, Howard K. Wettstein & David Kaplan (eds.) (1989). Themes From Kaplan. Oxford University Press, USA.
Kent Bach (1994). Conversational Impliciture. Mind and Language 9 (2):124-162.
Emma Borg (2004). Minimal Semantics. Oxford University Press.
Herman Cappelen (2005). Insensitive Semantics: A Defense of Semantic Minimalism and Speech Act Pluralism. Blackwell Pub..
Robyn Carston (2008). Linguistic Communication and the Semantics/Pragmatics Distinction. Synthese 165 (3):321 - 345.
Citations of this work BETA
Christopher Gauker (2010). Contexts in Formal Semantics. Philosophy Compass 5 (7):568-578.
Similar books and articles
Sungho Choi (2008). The Incompleteness of Dispositional Predicates. Synthese 163 (2):157 - 174.
Daniel Rothschild & Gabriel Segal (2009). Indexical Predicates. Mind and Language 24 (4):467--493.
Rohit Parikh (1996). Vague Predicates and Language Games. Theoria 11 (3):97-107.
Elisabeth Villalta (2008). Mood and Gradability: An Investigation of the Subjunctive Mood in Spanish. [REVIEW] Linguistics and Philosophy 31 (4):467-522.
F. Recanati (2007). It is Raining (Somewhere). Linguistics and Philosophy 30 (1):123--146.
John Brentlinger (1972). Incomplete Predicates and the Two-World Theory of the "Phaedo". Phronesis 17 (1):61 - 79.
John Brentlinger (1972). Incomplete Predicates and the Two- World Theory of the Phaedo. Phronesis 17 (1):61-79.
Peter Long (1969). Are Predicates and Relational Expressions Incomplete? Philosophical Review 78 (1):90-98.
Added to index2010-12-22
Total downloads31 ( #47,432 of 1,089,047 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #42,773 of 1,089,047 )
How can I increase my downloads?