David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Thinking and Reasoning 4 (3):231 – 248 (1998)
Reasoning may be defined as a deliberate effort to coordinate inferences so as to reach justifiable conclusions. Thus defined, reasoning includes collaborative as well as individual forms of cognitive action. The purpose of the present study was to demonstrate a circumstance in which collaborative reasoning is qualitatively superior to individual reasoning. The selection task, a well known logical hypothesis-testing problem, was presented to 143 college undergraduates-32 individuals and 20 groups of 5 or 6 interacting peers. The correct (falsification) response pattern was selected by only 9% of the individuals but by 75% of the groups. The superior performance of the groups was due to collaborative reasoning rather than to imitation or peer pressure. Groups typically co-constructed a structure of arguments qualitatively more sophisticated than that generated by most individuals. The results support Piagetian and Habermasian views of peer interaction as a locus of rational social processes.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Hugo Mercier (2010). The Social Origins of Folk Epistemology. Review of Philosophy and Psychology 1 (4):499-514.
Similar books and articles
Joseph R. Herkert (1997). Collaborative Learning in Engineering Ethics. Science and Engineering Ethics 3 (4):447-462.
Gary L. Brase (2001). Markers of Social Group Membership as Probabilistic Cues in Reasoning Tasks. Thinking and Reasoning 7 (4):313 – 346.
Paul Weirich (2012). Collective Acts. Synthese 187 (1):223-241.
Raimo Tuomela (2005). Christopher McMahon, Collective Rationality and Collective Reasoning:Collective Rationality and Collective Reasoning. Ethics 116 (1):242-246.
Claudia Arrighi & Roberta Ferrario (2008). Abductive Reasoning, Interpretation and Collaborative Processes. Foundations of Science 13 (1):75-87.
Nancy Stanlick (2007). Individual-Centered Collaborative Research. Teaching Philosophy 30 (1):85-110.
Douglas Walton (2011). Reasoning About Knowledge Using Defeasible Logic. Argument and Computation 2 (2-3):131 - 155.
David Moshman (2004). From Inference to Reasoning: The Construction of Rationality. Thinking and Reasoning 10 (2):221 – 239.
Alison Bacon, Simon Handley & Stephen Newstead (2003). Individual Differences in Strategies for Syllogistic Reasoning. Thinking and Reasoning 9 (2):133 – 168.
Added to index2009-02-08
Total downloads7 ( #195,012 of 1,101,944 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #306,569 of 1,101,944 )
How can I increase my downloads?