David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Philosophy Research Archives 13:471-480 (1988)
This article analyzes Wittgenstein’s position on the grammatical incorrigibility of psychological self-ascriptions and shows how introspective statements can be of use to philosophers. In Wittgenstein On Rules and Private Language, Kripke notes Wittgenstein’s puzzling ambivalence toward introspection. On the one hand Wittgenstein repudiates introspection and on the other he uses it in his own philosophical investigations. To resolve the paradox, this paper distinguishes between introspective methodology in psychological and philosophical investigations. Wittgenstein’s arguments against introspection are specifically directed at introspective methodology in psychology. He argues that the use of introspection to discover “inner causes” commits one to a conception of “direct inner awareness”. On that conception, psychological self-ascriptions are considered highly reliable due to the superiority of the subjective vantage point in ascertaining one’s own mental contents. As an alternative, Wittgenstein maintains that this reliability stems from the grammar of the ascription. The paper places Wittgenstein’s alternative conception of incorrigibility into the context of his argument against the use of introspection in psychology
|Keywords||Cause Epistemology Introspection Methodology Psychology Wittgenstein|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
C. D. Meyers & Sara Waller (2009). Psychological Investigations: The Private Language Argument and Inferences in Contemporary Cognitive Science. Synthese 171 (1):135-156.
Similar books and articles
Morten Overgaard (2006). Introspection in Science. Consciousness and Cognition 15 (4):629-633.
Amy Kind (2003). Shoemaker, Self-Blindness and Moore's Paradox. Philosophical Quarterly 53 (210):39-48.
Charles Raff (1966). Introspection and Incorrigibility. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 27 (September):69-73.
Gregg Caruso (2008). Consciousness and Free Will: A Critique of the Argument From Introspection. Southwest Philosophy Review 24 (1):219-231.
G. W. Pilkington & W. D. Glasgow (1967). Towards a Rehabilitation of Introspection as a Method in Psychology. Journal of Existentialism 7:329-350.
Jakob Hohwy (2011). Phenomenal Variability and Introspective Reliability. Mind and Language 26 (3):261-286.
Shaun Nichols (2000). The Mind's "I" and the Theory of Mind's "I": Introspection and Two Concepts of Self. Philosophical Topics 28 (2):171-99.
Declan Smithies & Daniel Stoljar (eds.) (2012). Introspection and Consciousness. Oxford University Press.
Pierre Vermersch (1999). Introspection as Practice. Journal of Consciousness Studies 6 (2-3):17-42.
Christopher S. Hill (1988). Introspective Awareness of Sensations. Topoi 7 (March):11-24.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads14 ( #115,902 of 1,102,875 )
Recent downloads (6 months)5 ( #62,002 of 1,102,875 )
How can I increase my downloads?