Graduate studies at Western
Episteme 8 (1):67-82 (2011)
|Abstract||The present paper argues for a more complete integration between recent "genealogical" approaches to the problem of knowledge and evolutionary accounts of the development of human cognitive capacities and practices. A structural tension is pointed out between, on the one hand, the fact that the explicandum of genealogical stories is a specifically human trait and, on the other hand, the tacit acknowledgment, shared by all contributors to the debate, that human beings have evolved from non-human beings. Since humans differ from their predecessors in more ways than just the lack of a particular concept or cognitive ability, this casts doubt on the widely shared assumption (the "Constancy Assumption") that, when constructing a genealogical narrative for a particular concept (e.g., our contemporary concept of knowledge), it is permissible to hold all other factors (e.g., individual "on-board" cognitive capacities) fixed. What is needed instead, I argue, is an ecological perspective that views knowledge as an adaptive response to an evolutionary constellation that allows for a diversity of selective pressures. Several examples of specific conceptual pressures at different stages in human evolution are discussed.|
|Keywords||Knowledge Genealogy Evolutionary epistemology|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
Wim J. van der Steen (2000). Methodological Problems in Evolutionary Biology. XIII. Evolution and Knowledge. Acta Biotheoretica 48 (1).
Raphael Falk (1993). Evolutionary Epistemology: What Phenotype is Selected and Which Genotype Evolves? [REVIEW] Biology and Philosophy 8 (2):153-172.
Barbara Herrnstein Smith (2006). Scandalous Knowledge: Science, Truth and the Human. Duke University Press.
Charlotte Emily Hanson (2010). The Epistemological Significance of Reflective Access. Dissertation, University of Stirling
Klemens Kappel (2010). Expressivism About Knowledge and the Value of Knowledge. Acta Analytica 25 (2):175-194.
Helen de Cruz, Maarten Boudry, Johan de Smedt & Stefaan Blancke (2011). Evolutionary Approaches to Epistemic Justification. Dialectica 65 (4):517-535.
Stephen David Ross (2010). Counter-Memory. International Studies in Philosophy Monograph Series:139-158.
Barry Allen (2003). Knowledge and Civilization. Westview Press.
Patrick Baert (1998). Foucault's History of the Present as Self-Referential Knowledge Acquisition. Philosophy and Social Criticism 24 (6):111-126.
J. Adam Carter, Benjamin Jarvis & Katherine Rubin (forthcoming). Knowledge and the Value of Cognitive Ability. Synthese.
Thomas Kesselring (1994). A Comparison Between Evolutionary and Genetic Epistemology Or: Jean Piaget's Contribution to a Post-Darwinian Epistemology. [REVIEW] Journal for General Philosophy of Science 25 (2):293 - 325.
Gabriella Ujlaki (1994). The "Tacit" and the "Personal". Tradition and Discovery 21 (2):8-10.
Karl R. Popper (1979). Objective Knowledge: An Evolutionary Approach. Oxford University Press.
Huiming Ren (2012). The Distinction Between Knowledge-That and Knowledge-How. Philosophia 40 (4):857-875.
Added to index2011-06-11
Total downloads19 ( #71,234 of 722,935 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #36,864 of 722,935 )
How can I increase my downloads?