Consciousness, self-consciousness, and episodic memory

Philosophical Psychology 5 (4):333-47 (1992)
My aim in this paper is to show that consciousness entails self-consciousness by focusing on the relationship between consciousness and memory. More specifically, I addreess the following questions: (1) does consciousness require episodic memory?; and (2) does episodic memory require self-consciousness? With the aid of some Kantian considerations and recent empirical data, it is argued that consciousness does require episodic memory. This is done after defining episodic memory and distinguishing it from other types of memory. An affirmative answer to (2) is also warranted especially in the light of the issues raised in answering (1). I claim that 'consciousness entails self-consciousness' is thereby shown via the route through episodic memory, i.e. via affirmative answers to (1) and (2). My aim is to revive this Kantian thesis and to bring together current psychological research on amnesia with traditional philosophical perspectives on consciousness and memory.
Keywords Consciousness  Memory  Metaphysics  Self-consciousness  Kant
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DOI 10.1080/09515089208573067
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References found in this work BETA
Thomas Nagel (1974). What is It Like to Be a Bat? Philosophical Review 83 (October):435-50.

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Citations of this work BETA
Andrew Naylor (2011). Remembering-That: Episodic Vs. Semantic. Philosophical Psychology 24 (3):317 - 322.

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John M. Gardiner (2002). Episodic Memory and Autonoetic Consciousness: A First-Person Approach. In Alan Baddeley, John P. Aggleton & Martin A. Conway (eds.), Episodic Memory: New Directions in Research. Oxford University Press 11-30.

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