David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Linguistics and Philosophy 32 (2):143-184 (2009)
Of late, evidentiality has received great attention in formal semantics. In this paper I develop ‘evidentiality-informed’ truth conditions for modal operators such as must and may . With language data drawn from Luoping Nase (a Tibeto-Burman language spoken in the P.R. of China and belonging to the Yi Nationality), I illustrate that epistemic modals clash with clauses articulating first-hand information. I then demonstrate that existing models such as Kratzer’s graded possible-worlds semantics fail to provide accurate truth conditions for modals tagging clauses with first-hand information. As a remedy I propose a fuzzy version of possible-worlds semantics with various grades of belief and knowledge. In addition to preserving the expressive power of graded possible-worlds semantics, the fuzzy model will be shown to supply appropriate truth conditions for epistemic modals appended to evidential clauses (i.e. clauses expressing first-hand information).
|Keywords||Fuzzy possible-worlds semantics Conversational background Epistemic modality Evidentiality Yi language Luoping Nase|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Alexandra Aikhenvald (2004). Evidentiality. Oxford University Press.
Wallace L. Chafe & Johanna Nichols (eds.) (1986). Evidentiality: The Linguistic Coding of Epistemology. Ablex Pub. Corp..
Ariel Cohen (1999). Generics, Frequency Adverbs, and Probability. Linguistics and Philosophy 22 (3):221-253.
Matthias Gerner (2006). The Exhaustion Particles in the Yi Group: A Unified Approach to All, the Completive and the Superlative. Journal of Semantics 24 (1):27-72.
Siegfried Gottwald (2008). Mathematical Fuzzy Logics. Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 14 (2):210-239.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
John Divers (2006). Possible-Worlds Semantics Without Possible Worlds: The Agnostic Approach. Mind 115 (458):187-226.
Volker Halbach, Hannes Leitgeb & Philip Welch (2003). Possible-Worlds Semantics for Modal Notions Conceived as Predicates. Journal of Philosophical Logic 32 (2):179-223.
Elke Brendel (1993). Partial Worlds and Paradox. Erkenntnis 39 (2):191 - 208.
Matthias Gerner (2010). The Fuzzy Logic of Socialised Attitudes in Liangshan Nuosu. Journal of Pragmatics 42 (11):3031-3046.
Michael J. Shaffer & Jeremy Morris (2010). The Epistemic Inadequacy of Ersatzer Possible World Semantics. Logique Et Analyse 53:61-76.
Giangiacomo Gerla (2005). Fuzzy Logic Programming and Fuzzy Control. Studia Logica 79 (2):231 - 254.
Jonathan D. Jacobs (2010). A Powers Theory of Modality: Or, How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Reject Possible Worlds. Philosophical Studies 151 (2):227-248.
Johan Benthem (1984). Possible Worlds Semantics: A Research Program That Cannot Fail? Studia Logica 43 (4):379 - 393.
Nobu-Yuki Suzuki (1997). Kripke Frame with Graded Accessibility and Fuzzy Possible World Semantics. Studia Logica 59 (2):249-269.
Added to index2009-07-13
Total downloads29 ( #59,581 of 1,100,740 )
Recent downloads (6 months)5 ( #58,476 of 1,100,740 )
How can I increase my downloads?