David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Synthese 189 (2):373-394 (2012)
In this paper, I consider how a general epistemic norm of action that I have proposed in earlier work should be specified in order to govern certain types of acts: assertive speech acts. More specifically, I argue that the epistemic norm of assertion is structurally similar to the epistemic norm of action. First, I argue that the notion of warrant operative in the epistemic norm of a central type of assertion is an internalist one that I call ‘discursive justification.’ This type of warrant is internalist insofar as it requires that the agent is capable of articulating reasons for her belief. The idea, roughly, is that when one asserts that p, one is supposed to be in a position to give reasons for believing that p. Bonjour’s reliable clairvoyant Norman, for example, is not in an epistemic position to make assertions regarding the president’s whereabouts—even if Norman knows the president’s whereabouts. In conclusion, I briefly consider whether a type of skeptical argument—often labeled Agrippa’s Trilemma—is motivated, at least in part, by the fact that responses to it violate the relevant epistemic norm of assertion.
|Keywords||Norms of assertion Skepticism Discursive justification Agrippa’s Trilemma Epistemic warrant Dogmatism|
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References found in this work BETA
J. Adler (2002). Belief's Own Ethics. MIT Press.
William Alston (1989). Epistemic Justification. Cornell University Press.
Robert Audi (1993). The Structure of Justification. Cambridge University Press.
J. L. Austin (1975). How to Do Things with Words. Clarendon Press.
Laurence BonJour (1985). The Structure of Empirical Knowledge. Harvard University Press.
Citations of this work BETA
Mikkel Gerken (2011). Conceptual Equivocation and Warrant by Reasoning. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 89 (3):381-400.
Mikkel Gerken (2015). The Roles of Knowledge Ascriptions in Epistemic Assessment. European Journal of Philosophy 23 (1):141-161.
Mikkel Gerken (2015). How to Do Things with Knowledge Ascriptions. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 90 (1):223-234.
Philip J. Nickel (2013). Testimonial Entitlement, Norms of Assertion and Privacy. Episteme 10 (2):207-217.
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