Fantasy proneness, but not self-reported trauma is related to DRM performance of women reporting recovered memories of childhood sexual abuse
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Consciousness and Cognition 14 (3):602-612 (2005)
Extending a strategy previously used by Clancy, Schacter, McNally, and Pitman , we administered a neutral and a trauma-related version of the Deese–Roediger–McDermott paradigm to a sample of women reporting recovered or repressed memories of childhood sexual abuse , women reporting having always remembered their abuse , and women reporting no history of abuse . We found that individuals reporting recovered memories of CSA are more prone than other participants to falsely recalling and recognizing neutral words that were never presented. Moreover, our study is the first to show that this finding even held when trauma-related material was involved. Correlational analyses revealed that fantasy proneness, but not self-reported traumatic experiences and dissociative symptoms were related to false recall and false recognition
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References found in this work BETA
James Deese (1959). On the Prediction of Occurrence of Particular Verbal Intrusions in Immediate Recall. Journal of Experimental Psychology 58 (1):17.
Citations of this work BETA
Janet E. Palmer & Chad S. Dodson (2009). Investigating the Mechanisms Fuelling Reduced False Recall of Emotional Material. Cognition and Emotion 23 (2):238-259.
T. Brennen, R. Dybdahl & A. KApidzic (2007). Trauma-Related and Neutral False Memories in War-Induced Posttraumatic Stress Disorder☆. Consciousness and Cognition 16 (4):877-885.
M. Peters, R. HoRselenberg, M. Jelicic & H. MerckelbacH (2007). The False Fame Illusion in People with Memories About a Previous Life. Consciousness and Cognition 16 (1):162-169.
Marit Hauschildt, Maarten Jv Peters, Lena Jelinek & Steffen Moritz (2012). Veridical and False Memory for Scenic Material in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. Consciousness and Cognition 21 (1):80-89.
Rodrigo Grassi-Oliveira, Carlos Falcão de Azevedo Gomes & Lilian Milnitsky Stein (2011). False Recognition in Women with a History of Childhood Emotional Neglect and Diagnose of Recurrent Major Depression. Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1127-1134.
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