Internalism and Externalism in the Epistemology of Testimony

Is the nature of testimonial warrant epistemically internalist or externalist? I will argue that the question should be answered ‘yes!’ The disjunction is not exclusive. Rather, a testimonial belief may possess epistemically internalist warrant—justification—as well as epistemically externalist warrant—entitlement. I use the label ‘pluralism’ to denote the view that there are both internalist and externalist species of genuinely epistemic warrant and argue for pluralism in the epistemology of testimony.
Keywords Testimony  Epistemic externalism  Anti-individualism  Social Epistemology
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DOI 10.1111/j.1933-1592.2011.00532.x
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Mikkel Gerken (2014). Outsourced Cognition. Philosophical Issues 24 (1):127-158.

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