David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 44 (4):515-524 (2013)
By what mechanisms of organizational and institutional change do different specialties succeed in accommodating and working with one another? How do these mechanisms function over time to support and retard the emergence and stability of new knowledge? This paper considers two such mechanisms, metawork and common knowledge . These mechanisms integrate specialties by making the activities of multiple specialties dependent upon one another, and by segmenting the common effort from the parent specialties. Integration of specialties can lead to the development of new specialties.Integration is facilitated and impeded by the anchoring of specialties in the system of institutions that participate in research. Host organizations, degree programs, sponsors, associations, regulators, and other organizations provide resources and impose demands that shape research. Some of these impacts are obvious and direct; others are indirect and more subtle.The research specialties form a network in which connections constantly form and reform, and in which the influence of different anchoring institutions are constantly waxing and waning. The complexity of connections and their pattern of change are especially obvious in the life sciences, which are an especially good place to study problems of integration
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Ingo Brigandt (2010). Beyond Reduction and Pluralism: Toward an Epistemology of Explanatory Integration in Biology. [REVIEW] Erkenntnis 73 (3):295-311.
Jordi Cat, The Unity of Science. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Ingo Brigandt & Alan Love, Reductionism in Biology. The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Lindley Darden & Nancy Maull (1977). Interfield Theories. Philosophy of Science 44 (1):43-64.
Citations of this work BETA
Ingo Brigandt (2013). Systems Biology and the Integration of Mechanistic Explanation and Mathematical Explanation. Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 44 (4):477-492.
Anya Plutynski (2013). Cancer and the Goals of Integration. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C (4):466-476.
James Griesemer (2013). Integration of Approaches in David Wake’s Model-Taxon Research Platform for Evolutionary Morphology. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 44 (4):525-536.
Yoshinari Yoshida & Hisashi Nakao (2015). EvoDevo as a Motley Aggregation: Local Integration and Conflicting Views of Genes During the 1980s. Biological Theory 10 (2):156-166.
William C. Wimsatt (2013). Articulating Babel: An Approach to Cultural Evolution. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 44 (4):563-571.
Similar books and articles
Patricia H. Thornton (2012). The Institutional Logics Perspective: A New Approach to Culture, Structure, and Process. Oxford University Press.
Li Bennich-Björkman (2006). Intellectual Conformism Depends on Institutional Incentives, Not on Socialized Culture. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (6):569-570.
Paul K. Hoch (1987). Institutional Versus Intellectual Migrations in the Nucleation of New Scientific Specialties. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 18 (4):481-500.
Bertrand Venard (2009). Organizational Isomorphism and Corruption: An Empirical Research in Russia. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 89 (1):59 - 76.
Ji Li, Jane Moy, Kevin Lam & W. L. Chris Chu (2008). Institutional Pillars and Corruption at the Societal Level. Journal of Business Ethics 83 (2):327 - 339.
Thomas Douglas (2010). Should Institutions Prioritize Rectification Over Aid? Philosophical Quarterly 60 (241):698-717.
Michelle Westermann-Behaylo, Harry J. van Buren Iii & Shawn L. Berman (2011). Towards an Organizational View of Genuine Compassion. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 22:111-122.
K. Brad Wray (2005). Rethinking Scientific Specialization. Social Studies of Science 35 (1):151-164.
A. John Simmons (1996). External Justifications and Institutional Roles. Journal of Philosophy 93 (1):28-36.
Marc Schneiberg & Elisabeth S. Clemens (2006). The Typical Tools for the Job: Research Strategies in Institutional Analysis. Sociological Theory 24 (3):195 - 227.
John A. Gallagher & Jerry Goodstein (2002). Fulfilling Institutional Responsibilities in Health Care: Organizational Ethics and the Role of Mission Discernment. Business Ethics Quarterly 12 (4):433-450.
Deborah Vidaver-Cohen (1997). Moral Imagination in Organizational Problem-Solving. Business Ethics Quarterly 7 (4):1-26.
Robert A. Giacalone & Paul Rosenfeld (1987). Justifications and Procedures for Implementing Institutional Review Boards in Business Organizations. Journal of Business Ethics 6 (5):399 - 411.
Ana Smith Iltis (2001). Organizational Ethics and Institutional Integrity. HEC Forum 13 (4):317-328.
Added to index2012-11-11
Total downloads2 ( #553,718 of 1,726,249 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #369,877 of 1,726,249 )
How can I increase my downloads?