David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Military Ethics 7 (4):247-261 (2008)
To provide a way to understand warfare and debate military conduct, Michael Walzer's Just and Unjust Wars tries to show that civilians and soldiers are not separated by a barrier of violence as we might think, but rather inhabit the same moral world. While this view enables us to question and criticize our leaders during times of war instead of simply claiming ignorance, its success is gained by obscuring certain fundamental boundaries that exist between combatants and noncombatants. By comparing Walzer's just war theory with the existential theories of Jean-Paul Sartre and Martin Heidegger, we can therefore find a more complete picture of what it means to declare war and what it means to engage in combat. This will allow us to see that what separates the soldier from the civilian is our everyday avoidance of death and anything associated with it. Through an investigation into the relationship between death and killing we can then ask, from an existential standpoint, whether we can call any war just so long as our evasion of death also results in our evasion of what soldiers must go through to protect us, thus preventing the soldier from being able to truly return home.
|Keywords||Just war theory existentialism phenomenology human rights killing|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Frantz Fanon (1998). The Wretched of the Earth. In Emmanuel Chukwudi Eze (ed.), African Philosophy: An Anthology. Blackwell Publishers 228--233.
M. Walzer (1979). Just and Unjust Wars. Philosophy 54 (209):415-420.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
C. A. J. Coady (1980). The Leaders and the Led: Problems of Just War Theory. Inquiry 23 (3):275 – 291.
Uwe Steinhoff (2010). Benbaji on Killing in War and 'the War Convention'. Philosophical Quarterly 60 (240):616-623.
Jeff McMahan (2004). The Ethics of Killing in War. Ethics 114 (4):693-733.
Yitzhak Benbaji (2007). The Responsibility of Soldiers and the Ethics of Killing in War. Philosophical Quarterly 57 (229):558–572.
Igor Primoratz (2002). Michael Walzer's Just War Theory: Some Issues of Responsibility. [REVIEW] Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 5 (2):221-243.
Lene Bomann-Larsen (2004). Licence to Kill? The Question of Just Vs. Unjust Combatants. Journal of Military Ethics 3 (2):142-160.
Jordy Rocheleau (2010). Combatant Responsibility for Fighting in Unjust Wars. Social Philosophy Today 26:93-106.
Daniel Statman (2011). Can Wars Be Fought Justly? The Necessity Condition Put to the Test. Journal of Moral Philosophy 8 (3):435-451.
Helen Frowe (2011). Self-Defence and the Principle of Non-Combatant Immunity. Journal of Moral Philosophy 8 (4):530-546.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads53 ( #76,384 of 1,789,994 )
Recent downloads (6 months)4 ( #198,360 of 1,789,994 )
How can I increase my downloads?