David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Pierre Bourdieu has developed a philosophy of social science, grounded in the phenomenological tradition, which treats knowledge as a practical ability embodied in skilful behaviour, rather than an intellectual capacity for the representation and manipulation of propositional knowledge. He invokes Wittgenstein’s remarks on rule-following as one way of explicating the idea that knowledge is a skill. Bourdieu’s conception of tacit knowledge is a dispositional one, adopted to avoid a perceived dilemma for methodological individualism. That dilemma requires either the explanation of regularities in social behaviour as the result of the tacit representation of procedural rules (‘legalism’) or the self-conscious representation of behavioural goals (‘voluntarism’) by individuals. After explaining the apparent dilemma, I then argue that Wittgenstein’s remarks on rule following actually undermine, rather than support, a dispositional solution. Nonetheless, the philosophy of social science can survive without a dispositional account of knowledge. Such a social science needs, firstly, to embrace one horn of the dilemma, voluntarism, provided that the relevant regularities can be explained as unintended consequences of agents’ self-represented intentions. Secondly, such a social science should treat theorists’ interpretations as unifying generalizations, not hypotheses about the acquisition of tacit knowledge. Finally, where appeal to cognitive psychology can distinguish otherwise equivalent theories in social science, social science should incorporate the data of cognitive psychology concerning tacit mental processes.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library||
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Walter van Herck (1999). The Role Of Tacit Knowledge In Religion. Tradition and Discovery 26 (2):21-30.
Julie Zahle (2012). Practical Knowledge and Participant Observation. Inquiry 55 (1):50 - 65.
Martin Davies (1989). Connectionism, Modularity and Tacit Knowledge. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 40 (December):541-55.
Karsten R. Stueber (2005). How to Think About Rules and Rule Following. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 35 (3):307-323.
Yu Zhenhua (2003). Tacit Knowledge/Knowing and the Problem of Articulation. Tradition and Discovery 30 (2):11-23.
Zhenhua Yu (2006). Tacit Knowledge. Tradition and Discovery 33 (3):9-25.
Stephen G. Henry (2011). A Clinical Perspective on Tacit Knowledge and Its Varieties. Tradition and Discovery 38 (1):13-17.
Harry Collins (2011). Analysing Tacit Knowledge. Tradition and Discovery 38 (1):38-42.
Andrea Pozzali (2007). Tacit Knowledge, Implicit Learning and Scientific Reasoning. Mind and Society 7 (2):227-237.
Jonathan Perraton & Iona Tarrant (2007). What Does Tacit Knowledge Actually Explain? Journal of Economic Methodology 14 (3):353-370.
Added to index2009-08-08
Total downloads81 ( #17,933 of 1,101,746 )
Recent downloads (6 months)7 ( #41,591 of 1,101,746 )
How can I increase my downloads?