David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Philosophy of Science 33 (1/2):147- (1966)
"Adaptation" has several meanings which have often been confused, including relations, processes, states, and intrinsic properties. It is used in comparative and historical contexts. "Adaptation" and "environment" may designate probabilistic concepts. Recognition of these points refutes arguments for the notions that: 1) all organisms are perfectly adapted; 2) organisms cannot be ill-adapted and survive or well-adapted and die; 3) adaptation is necessarily relative to the environment; 4) change in environment is necessary for evolution; 5) preadaptation implies teleology. Such notions are associated with metaphysical ideas, and may affect the thinking of biologists
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Timothy D. Johnston (1981). Contrasting Approaches to a Theory of Learning. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 4 (1):125.
Michael T. Ghiselin (1981). Categories, Life, and Thinking. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 4 (2):269.
Arthur L. Caplan (1981). Pick Your Poison: Historicism, Essentialism, and Emergentism in the Definition of Species. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 4 (2):285.
John C. Malone (1981). A Fourth Approach to the Study of Learning: Are “Processes” Really Necessary? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 4 (1):151.
Janet L. Lachman & Roy Lachman (1981). General Process Theory, Ecology, and Animal-Human Continuity: A Cognitive Perspective. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 4 (1):149.
Similar books and articles
Marlene Zuk (2002). A Straw Man on a Dead Horse: Studying Adaptation Then and Now. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (4):533-534.
J. T. Wiebes (1982). L'adaptation Evolutive. Acta Biotheoretica 31 (4):239-243.
J. Scott Turner (2004). Extended Phenotypes and Extended Organisms. Biology and Philosophy 19 (3):327-352.
David Sloan Wilson (1990). Species of Thought: A Comment on Evolutionary Epistemology. Biology and Philosophy 5 (1):37-62.
Kevin N. Laland, John Odling-Smee & Marcus W. Feldman (2000). Niche Construction, Biological Evolution, and Cultural Change. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (1):131-146.
Leigh Van Valen (2009). How Ubiquitous is Adaptation? A Critique of the Epiphenomenist Program. Biology and Philosophy 24 (2):267-280.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads18 ( #193,990 of 1,790,069 )
Recent downloads (6 months)4 ( #198,360 of 1,790,069 )
How can I increase my downloads?