Metalinguistic comparatives in greek and korean: Attitude semantics, expressive content, and negative polarity items
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
In this paper, we propose an analysis of metalinguistic comparatives (MCs) in Greek and Korean which combines an attitudinal semantics (Giannakidou and Stavrou 2008) with an expressive component. The comparative morpheme supplies the former, and the than-particle supplies the latter. Following Giannakidou and Stavrou, we assume that the MC involves the speaker’s attitude towards the than-proposition— which is deemed less appropriate or preferable— and we discuss novel data from Korean showing a two way distinction between “regular” MCs (signaled by the particle kipota), and negative MCs (signaled by charari “rather” and the particle nuni). We argue that the use of MC than particles, in all variants, brings about an individual’s emotive state, and propose that the morphemes contain expressive indices in the sense of Potts 2007. Indices allow a range from mildly negative to very negative stance, so we capture the fact that expressive particles convey negativity, without positing negation in syntax— a result consistent with the fact that MC-than itself does not license strong NPIs that need negation. We further show that NPI sanctioning in comparatives is very limited, contrary to what is generally thought. Besides NPI-sanctioning, this analysis has two, we believe, important implications. First, it allows the generalization that metalinguistic functions in language are indeed part of the grammar as a combination of attitude semantics and expressivity. Additionally, our use of expressive indices supports Potts’s view of the expressive component as separate, but interacting, with the descriptive content. Finally, we show that the than particle is not vacuous (as is generally believed) but contentful: it is the locus of the interaction between descriptive and expressive meaning in the comparative.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library||
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Anastasia Giannakidou (1999). Affective Dependencies. Linguistics and Philosophy 22 (4):367-421.
Roger Schwarzschild & Karina Wilkinson (2002). Quantifiers in Comparatives: A Semantics of Degree Based on Intervals. [REVIEW] Natural Language Semantics 10 (1):1-41.
Christopher Potts & Tom Roeper, The Narrowing Acquisition Path: From Expressive Small Clauses to Declaratives.
Anastasia Giannakidou, Negative and Positive Polarity Items: Variation, Licensing, and Compositionality.
Anastasia Giannakidou, Metalinguistic Contrast in Greek: Para Comparatives and Metalinguistic Negation.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads7 ( #203,584 of 1,413,160 )
Recent downloads (6 months)0
How can I increase my downloads?