The subjective mode of comparison: Metalinguistic comparatives in greek and korean
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
In this paper, we present a striking parallel between Greek and Korean in the formation and interpretation of metalinguistic comparatives. The initial observation is that both languages show an empirical contrast between “regular” comparative and metalinguistic comparative realized in (a) the form of a designated metalinguistic comparative MORE; and (b) in the form of THAN employed. We propose (building on our earlier analyses in Giannakidou and Stavrou 2009, Giannakidou and Yoon 2009) that the metalinguistic comparative is perspectival, i.e. it introduces the point of view of an individual towards a sentence, and argue that the individual expresses invariably an attitude of preference: she prefers one sentence (the sentence itself, or the proposition it expresses) in a given context over another. The preference may come out as completely negative in certain cases, and this is manifested as yet another lexicalization in Korean (charari), which selects nuni-THAN, which itself carries a negative expressive index (in the sense of Potts 2007), we will claim. Expressive negativity is not equivalent to negation in syntax, as nuni alone cannot license NPIs that need negation. If our analysis is correct, it has one important implication that goes beyond just the metalinguistic comparatives in the individual languages we are considering. It allows the generalization that metalinguistic functions in language are indeed part of the grammar. In particular, they are reflexes of grammaticalization of perspective and subjective mode, on a par with predicates of personal taste discussed by Lasersohn 2005, 2008, 2009, mood choice, and similar phenomena. In comparatives, subjective mode is manifested as an ordering of preference.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library||
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Osamu Sawada (2014). An Utterance Situation-Based Comparison. Linguistics and Philosophy 37 (3):205-248.
Similar books and articles
John F. Halpin (1989). Counterfactual Analysis: Can the Metalinguistic Theory Be Revitalized? Synthese 81 (1):47 - 62.
Anastasia Giannakidou, Metalinguistic Contrast in Greek: Para Comparatives and Metalinguistic Negation.
Michael Devitt (2010). What "Intuitions" Are Linguistic Evidence? Erkenntnis 73 (2):251 - 264.
T. Nyan (1999). Simplement, as a Metalinguistic Operator. Argumentation 13 (3):275-295.
Roger Schwarzschild & Karina Wilkinson (2002). Quantifiers in Comparatives: A Semantics of Degree Based on Intervals. [REVIEW] Natural Language Semantics 10 (1):1-41.
Added to index2009-12-18
Total downloads4 ( #405,599 of 1,725,607 )
Recent downloads (6 months)0
How can I increase my downloads?