David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 41 (3):305-308 (2010)
Several disciplines within the cognitive sciences have advanced the idea that people comprehend the actions of others, including the linguistic meanings they communicate, through embodied simulations where they imaginatively recreate the actions they observe or hear about. This claim has important consequences for theories of mind and meaning, such as that people’s use and interpretation of language emerges as a kind of bodily activity that is an essential part of ordinary cognition. Daniel Weiskopf presents several arguments against the idea that experiential simulations play a major role in immediate language use and meaning. We offer several rebuttals to Weiskopf, in which we critique his interpretation of simulation theory, present additional psycholinguistic evidence supportive of the simulation perspective, and suggest that a more traditional theory of linguistic meaning and processing has little psychological and empirical validity.Keywords: Language; Comprehension; Embodied cognition; Embodied simulation; Linguistic meaning, Psycholinguistics
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References found in this work BETA
J. Decety (1999). Neural Mechanisms Subserving the Perception of Human Actions. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 3 (5):172-178.
Nicole L. Wilson & Raymond W. Gibbs (2007). Real and Imagined Body Movement Primes Metaphor Comprehension. Cognitive Science 31 (4):721-731.
Daniel Richardson & Teenie Matlock (2007). The Integration of Figurative Language and Static Depictions: An Eye Movement Study of Fictive Motion. Cognition 102 (1):129-138.
Daniel A. Weiskopf (2010). Embodied Cognition and Linguistic Comprehension. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 41 (3):294-304.
Kristin L. Borreggine & Michael P. Kaschak (2006). The Action–Sentence Compatibility Effect: It's All in the Timing. Cognitive Science 30 (6):1097-1112.
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