David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 32 (1):61–87 (2002)
After reaching the verge of obsolescence, electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is once again on the increase. There remains, however, no sound theoretical basis for its use. By 1948 at least 50 different theories had been proposed to account for the workings of ECT. Today there are numerous more. Further, there is no good evidence for its therapeutic effectiveness. Although some studies show what are claimed to be positive results, others show significant amount of relapse, even with severe depression (the disorder against which ECT is supposed to be most effective), while even other studies show ECT to have little more effect than a placebo. Finally, there is much evidence for ECTs damaging effects, particularly to cognitive functioning like memory, general intelligence level, and perceptual abilities, and quite possibly to brain functioning. Some studies even suggest that the alleged therapeutic effects of ECT are essentially the effects of organic brain damage. The question, then, is why, despite these problems, does ECT continue to be used? ECTs salient features suggest an answer here. These are the features of dehumanization, power, control, punishment, and others, all of which can be traced back to the fear of deviant psychotic behavior.
|Keywords||electroconvulsive therapy deviance psychotic behaviour dehumanization brain damage memory loss|
No categories specified
(categorize this paper)
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Kathleen Nolan (1991). Commentary: How Do We Think About the Ethics of Human Germ-Line Genetic Therapy? Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 16 (6):613-619.
Gideon Rosen (2002). A Study in Modal Deviance. In John Hawthorne & Tamar Gendler (eds.), Conceivability and Possibility. Oxford University Press. 283--307.
Robert K. Shope (1996). Nondeviant Chains in Intentional Action. Journal of Philosophical Research 21:15-49.
Markus E. Schlosser (2007). Basic Deviance Reconsidered. Analysis 67 (295):186–194.
William H. Hanson (1989). Two Kinds of Deviance. History and Philosophy of Logic 10 (1):15-28.
Christine A. Henle, Robert A. Giacalone & Carole L. Jurkiewicz (2005). The Role of Ethical Ideology in Workplace Deviance. Journal of Business Ethics 56 (3):219 - 230.
Laurie Calhoun (1994). Institutions and Deviance: Art and Psychiatry. Critical Review 8 (3):393-409.
H. J. McCloskey (1978). Crime and Punishment: Deviance and Corrective Social Therapy. American Philosophical Quarterly 15 (2):91 - 98.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads5 ( #225,820 of 1,100,747 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #176,465 of 1,100,747 )
How can I increase my downloads?