David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Environmental Ethics 14 (3):217-237 (1992)
In this essay, I argue that environmental risk is a strategic situation that places the individual citizen in the position of an imprisoned rider who is being exploited without his or her knowledge by the preferences of others. I contend that what is at stake in policy decisions regarding environmental risk is not numerical probabilities or consistent, complete, transitive preferences for individual welfare, but rather respect for the human agency of the individual. Human agency is a prerequisite to one’s utility function and is threatened and exploited in the strategic situation that produces the imprisoned rider. This problem is created by the policy maker’s assumption that his or her task is to assume rational preferences and aggregate them. The guidelines for evaluation and justification of policy should move beyondwelfare preferences and involve an active state protecting human agency and empowering the imprisoned rider. Only in this way can we free all citizens (a priori) from fear of exploitation by those who would impose collective and irreversible risk on each of them in violation of their unconditional right to their own agency
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
C. Galarneau (2010). 'The H in HIV Stands for Human, Not Haitian': Cultural Imperialism in US Blood Donor Policy. Public Health Ethics 3 (3):210-219.
Carl F. Cranor (1988). Some Public Policy Problems with the Science of Carcinogen Risk Assessment. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1988:467 - 488.
Eric Katz (1979). Utilitarianism and Preservation. Environmental Ethics 1 (4):357-364.
Paul B. Thompson (1986). Uncertainty Arguments in Environmental Issues. Environmental Ethics 8 (1):59-75.
John Martin Gillroy (1998). Kantian Ethics and Environmental Policy Argument: Autonomy, Ecosystem Integrity, and Our Duties to Nature. Ethics and the Environment 3 (2):131 - 155.
Edgar Kiser (1999). Comparing Varieties of Agency Theory in Economics, Political Science, and Sociology: An Illustration From State Policy Implementation. Sociological Theory 17 (2):146-170.
Andreas Lange (2001). A Note on Decisions Under Uncertainty: The Impact of the Choice of the Welfare Measure. Theory and Decision 51 (1):51-71.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads4 ( #424,619 of 1,726,249 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #289,836 of 1,726,249 )
How can I increase my downloads?