David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Linguistics and Philosophy 18 (5):459 - 527 (1995)
The paper is in two parts. In Part I, a semantics for embedded and query uses of interrogatives is put forward, couched within a situation semantics framework. Unlike many previous analyses,questions are not reductively analysed in terms of their answers. This enables us to provide a notion of ananswer that resolves a question which varies across contexts relative to parameters such as goals and inferential capabilities. In Part II of the paper, extensive motivation is provided for an ontology that distinguishes propositions, questions, and facts, while at the same time the semantics provided captures an important commonality between questions and propositions: factsprove propositions andresolve questions. This commonality is exploited to provide an explanation for why predicates such as know carry presuppositions such as factivity and for a novel account of the behaviour of adverbially modified predicates with interrogative, declarative and fact-nominal arguments.
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Citations of this work BETA
Berit Brogaard (2007). Number Words and Ontological Commitment. Philosophical Quarterly 57 (226):1–20.
Jason Rourke (2013). A Counterexample to the Contrastive Account of Knowledge. Philosophical Studies 162 (3):637-643.
François Recanati (2013). Content, Mood, and Force. Philosophy Compass 8 (7):622-632.
D. F. Farkas & K. B. Bruce (2009). On Reacting to Assertions and Polar Questions. Journal of Semantics 27 (1):81-118.
Matthew Stone (2004). Intention, Interpretation and the Computational Structure of Language. Cognitive Science 28 (5):781-809.
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