Beyond dual-process models: A categorisation of processes underlying intuitive judgement and decision making
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Thinking and Reasoning 16 (1):1 – 25 (2010)
Intuitive-automatic processes are crucial for making judgements and decisions. The fascinating complexity of these processes has attracted many decision researchers, prompting them to start investigating intuition empirically and to develop numerous models. Dual-process models assume a clear distinction between intuitive and deliberate processes but provide no further differentiation within both categories. We go beyond these models and argue that intuition is not a homogeneous concept, but a label used for different cognitive mechanisms. We suggest that these mechanisms have to be distinguished to allow for fruitful investigations of intuition. Specifically, we argue that researchers should concentrate on investigating the processes underlying intuition before making strong claims about its performance. We summarise current models for intuition and propose a categorisation according to the underlying cognitive processes: (a) associative intuition based on simple learning-retrieval processes, (b) matching intuition based on comparisons with prototypes/exemplars, (c) accumulative intuition based on automatic evidence accumulation, and (d) constructive intuition based on construction of mental representations. We discuss how this differentiation might help to clarify the relationship between affect and intuition and we derive a very general hypothesis as to when intuition will lead to good decisions and when it will go astray
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Hanno Sauer (2012). Educated Intuitions. Automaticity and Rationality in Moral Judgement. Philosophical Explorations 15 (3):255-275.
Andreas Glöckner & Thorsten Pachur (2012). Cognitive Models of Risky Choice: Parameter Stability and Predictive Accuracy of Prospect Theory. Cognition 123 (1):21-32.
Ben R. Newell & David R. Shanks (2014). Unconscious Influences on Decision Making: A Critical Review. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 38 (1):1-19.
Andy D. Mealor & Zoltan Dienes (2013). The Speed of Metacognition: Taking Time to Get to Know One's Structural Knowledge. Consciousness and Cognition 22 (1):123-136.
Andy David Mealor & Zoltan Dienes (2012). Conscious and Unconscious Thought in Artificial Grammar Learning. Consciousness and Cognition 21 (2):865-874.
Similar books and articles
Jaana Woiceshyn (2011). A Model for Ethical Decision Making in Business: Reasoning, Intuition, and Rational Moral Principles. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 104 (3):311-323.
Ap Dijksterhuis & Loran F. Nordgren (2006). A Theory of Unconscious Thought. Perspectives on Psychological Science 1 (2):95-109.
Alexandre Linhares (2005). An Active Symbols Theory of Chess Intuition. Minds and Machines 15 (2):131-181.
John Symons (2008). Intuition and Philosophical Methodology. Axiomathes 18 (1):67-89.
Neil C. Herndon (1996). A New Context for Ethics Education Objectives in a College of Business: Ethical Decision-Making Models. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 15 (5):501 - 510.
Jillian Craigie (2011). Thinking and Feeling: Moral Deliberation in a Dual-Process Framework. Philosophical Psychology 24 (1):53-71.
Elijah Chudnoff (2013). Intuitive Knowledge. Philosophical Studies 162 (2):359-378.
Sandra L. Christensen (2008). The Role of Law in Models of Ethical Behavior. Journal of Business Ethics 77 (4):451 - 461.
Added to index2010-05-07
Total downloads33 ( #61,321 of 1,410,137 )
Recent downloads (6 months)3 ( #75,890 of 1,410,137 )
How can I increase my downloads?